The Toposa have a population of about 207,000 in South Sudan, representing its 6th or 7th largest ethnic group. [34] The Pew Research Center likewise suggests that around 60% of the South Sudanese population are Christian, with around 33% following 'folk religions'. In total, six million people are in need or urgent humanitarian assistance - half the country's population. The Bari people (part of the (para) Nilotic group) occupy the savanna lands of the White Nile Valley and speak the Bari language. The most widely spoken Ubangian language in South Sudan is Zande. The South Sudan People's Defence Forces (SSPDF), formerly the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), is the army of the Republic of South Sudan. With a population in South Sudan of just over 381,000, the Shilluk represent the country's 5th largest ethnic group.[15]. South Sudan was settled by many of its current ethnic groups during the 15th–19th centuries. The Azande are primarily small-scale farmers, historically supplying much of the grain for South Sudan. Members of the Nuer White Army (named from the practice of using Fly ash on their bodies as an Insect repellent), were originally a group of armed youth formed to protect their cattle from other raiding tribes, and often at odds with their elders. Smallscale businesses, on which the most vulnerable people depend, have been decimated, on top of COVID-19 and ongoing conflict,” Save the Children's South Sudan country director Rama Hansraj says. South Sudan, also called Southern Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. On the Uganda border there are massive ranges with peaks rising to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). 2017 marked the fourth year of South Sudan's civil war, which saw a severe deterioration of humanitarian conditions across the country. This problem is exacerbated in South Sudan because of its many wars of revolution and civil wars that, over time, established multiple legal owners to the same plots of land, and the displaced people from different tribes may not have the same traditional rights as they did in their communities of origin, which may no longer exist.[42]. During the Second Sudanese Civil War thousands of Dinka women and children were abducted and subsequently enslaved by members of the Missiriya and Rezeigat tribes. The region also has a significant presence from Dinka (and other Nilotic people), the Shilluk people, and Murle people, as well as Moslem Arab tribes. The Imatong Mountains contain Mount Kinyeti (elevation 10,456 feet [3,187 metres]), the highest point in South Sudan. As with most other surrounding tribes, the Bari embrace a cattle culture, the components of a typical traditional Bari dowry are made up of live animals, averaging 23 heads of cattle (cows, calves and bulls), 40 goats and sheep. In 1920 the Sudan applied a Closed District Ordinance whose purpose was to limit the Arab—Islamic influences and preserve the African identity of the South Sudan, which also restricted the movement of nomadic pastoral tribes. The project was suspended in 1983 because of disruptions arising from the civil war between the north and the south. The Tennet have an account of how they were once part of a larger group, which also included what are now Murle, Didinga, and Boya, the other members of the Surmic language family. People let us stop this war, we just need peace nothing more! South Sudan: Children and young people undergo rights training . Historically, the Bari have defended their land from the Dinka, Azande, as well as Ottoman slave traders. [13][14] About 95% of South Sudanese, among them the Dinka, speak one of the Nilo-Saharan languages, an extremely diverse language family. [15] The Luo seem to be one of the few ethnic groups embracing the concept of individual ownership of property, having a very complex system for inheritance based on the seniority of sons. A little farther north along its course, the White Nile receives much of its water from the right-bank Sobat River, which flows from the Ethiopian Plateau to join the Nile near Malakal. Already suffering from malnutrition, malaria and other problems and diseases, people in East Africa, the Caucasus, South Asia and elsewhere are now facing a particularly virulent foe: Covid-19. For over 500 years, Fashoda is believed to be a place where the spirit of Juok (God), the spirit of Nyikango (the founder of Shilluk Kingdom and the spiritual leader of Shilluk religion), the spirit of the deceased Shilluk kings and the spirit of the living Shilluk King come to mediate for the Kingdom of Shilluk's spiritual healing. [23], The Acholi were originally from the Bahr el Ghazal region, but migrated south, to the area of Uganda during the late 17th century, creating Acholiland, and are one of Uganda's major ethnic groups. Fifty-six per cent of the beneficiaries are women and girls. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Ironstone Plateau lies between the Nile-Congo watershed and the clay plain; its level country is marked with inselbergs (isolated hills rising abruptly from the plains). If a killing took place, negotiations for blood money were led by the victim's family, followed by rituals of reconciliation to restore the killer to the community and bring peace between the clans. Most Shilluks have converted to Christianity. The following demographic are from the CIA World Factbook[12] unless otherwise indicated. The Luo People are primarily found in Kenya (where they are the third largest ethnic group with over 2 million), Tanzania (population just under 2 million), and the South Sudan State of Western Bahr el Ghazal (population about 171,000) - by some accounts the Luo are the 8th largest ethnic group in South Sudan. The Dinka people (part of the Nilotic group) have no centralized political authority, but are instead organized by several independent but interlaced clans. The indigenous languages with the most speakers are Dinka, Shilluk, Nuer, Bari, and Zande. Since the tradition of land ownership in these pastoral cultures is of large tracts of land (a "dar") held in common by the tribe (or clan), the imposition of new property laws designed for individual ownership of land for either urban uses or farming is challenging to the existing society. Traditionally, the Bari believed in one god along with good and evil spirits. The conflict in South Sudan has turned two million people into refugees and internally displaced another two million. Updated January 18, 2020 05:30 AM Share on Facebook. 8 talking about this. After the CPA was signed in 2005, there was discussion about resuming work on the canal, spearheaded by the Egyptian government and Sudan’s Khartoum government, although the government of southern Sudan (GoSS) was hesitant to embrace the project and deferred making a decision about it until they could give the matter further study; a decision had not been made at the time of independence. Today, the region consists of the South Sudan states Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Lakes, and Warrap, with significant presence in the historic provence of Greater Upper Nile's states of Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Unity. News Detail. The Toposa believe in a supreme being and in ancestral spirits. Religions followed by the South Sudanese include African Traditional Religion, Christianity and Islam - sources differ regarding proportions. The Addis Ababa Agreement of 1972 ended the conflict only temporarily, and in the next decade widespread fighting resumed with the second civil war (1983–2005). January 20, 2021. Numerous discussions, cease-fires, and agreements between southern leaders and their northern counterparts occurred but yielded very little success until the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended warfare and generated an outline of new measures to share power, distribute wealth, and provide security in Sudan. The Nuer people (part of the Nilotic group) are the second largest group in South Sudan, representing 15.6% of the population in 2013[21] (or about 1.8 million[15]). The central government inhibited their return. [15] There is no clear political organization among the Toposa, although respect is paid to elders, chiefs and wise men. An unknown number of children from the Nuba tribe were similarly abducted and enslaved. Today most Bari are Christian. [7], In 2009, Sudan started a new Southern Sudanese census ahead of the 2011 independence referendum, which is said to also include the Southern Sudanese diaspora. Their king was considered divine, and is now a traditional chieftain within the governments of both Sudan and the South Sudan state of Upper Nile. The new and independent country of the Republic of South Sudan. South Sudan is home to around 60 indigenous ethnic groups and 80 linguistic partitions among a 2018 population of around 11 million . Corrections? Didinga also worship and sacrifice to spirits and gods and place great importance upon the worship of dead ancestors. Most returned to the area in the 1970s. Since October 30, 2010, more than 370,000 Sudanese have returned to South Sudan and the Three Areas—the Abyei Area and Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. However, with the civil wars in both Sudan and Ethiopia, they felt unprotected and the Murle formed their own militia. Tennet people practice Swidden agriculture and are part of the cow culture, which are the main measure of wealth and are used for Bride wealth, and they also hunt, fish, and raise goats and sheep. Traditionally, there are no formal political institutions. South Sudan’s capital is Juba. South Sudan’s population, predominantly African cultures who tend to adhere to Christian or animist beliefs, was long at odds with Sudan’s largely Muslim and Arab northern government. Find out by taking this quiz about Africa. Religion in South Sudan by the 2010 Pew Research on Religion. They speak the Didinga language (part of the Surmic language family) also spoken by a groups living in southwest Ethiopia from whence they migrated from in the 1700s. 2.5K likes. As of July 2015, there are 1.6 million internally displaced people, 607,608 recorded South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries and 4.6 million people severely food insecure in South Sudan. The primary language at all levels is English, as compared to the Republic of Sudan, where the language of instruction is Arabic. Originally embracing the cattle culture, during the civil wars of the 1960s many migrated to Uganda where they were exposed to farming and their children exposed to education. However, they are primarily dependent on sorghum, and drought can cause severe food shortages. Dowry is handed over when betrothed are of marrying age, followed by a Christian wedding. Four people, including Russian blogger Ilya Varlamov and activist Pyotr Verzilov, were detained on January 13 in South Sudan’s Kapoeta on suspicion of possessing a drone for filming A New Dawn South Sudan.jpg 400 × 600 ; 146 Kio. South Sudan remains one of the most dangerous places to be an aid worker. In the late 19th century, British, Arab and Turkish traders exerted influence in the area. The Lotuho people (part of the (para) Nilotic group), are primarily a pastoral people numbering over 207,000 (representing its 6th or 7th largest ethnic group[15]) located in Eastern Equatoria. Sudan has a population of 43 million (2018 estimate) and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres (728,215 square miles), making it Africa 's third-largest country and also the third-largest in the Arab league. Many of the Bari were forced into slavery by Belgians, and used as porters to carry ivory tusks to the Atlantic Coast. The Didinga practice traditional beliefs and religious practices, including having a tribal Rainmaker who is entrusted with performing certain rituals to bring rain. From 1983 to 2005, he led the … About 4.2 million people have been forced to leave their homes out of which 2 million people are internally displaced while 2.2 million have fled the country. Broere, Kees. Most decisions about the clan or community are made in meetings attended only by the men, traditionally held in the dark hours before the dawn. By the mid 1800s, the Ottomans and Arabs raided the Shilluks for cattle and slaves. After Sudan became independent in 1956, numerous governments over the years found it difficult to win general acceptance from the country’s diverse political constituencies, especially in the south. [15] Traditionally, the Azande were conquering warriors who practiced African Traditional Religion which included witchcraft. David Barrett, Geo. Nowhere in the world has been in famine since one was declared nearly four years ago in South Sudan’s Unity state as civil war raged. Large tracts of land (a “dar”) belonged to the tribe and the custodian was the tribe’s chief. People with disabilities and older people are often left behind during attacks and find themselves at much greater risk of starvation or abuse. South Sudan People's Parliament is the forum where South Sudanese Youth view out their grievances to the government. Famous people from South Sudan Luol Deng. Drainage in the country does not always reach the Nile rivers; the rivers of the southwest, for example, infrequently reach the Baḥr Al-Ghazāl system. Land is held by the community with the Moru economy agriculturally based, but they have of recent started to acquire livestock. JUBA, South Sudan (AP) — One county in South Sudan is likely in famine and tens of thousands of people in five other counties are on the brink of starvation, according to a new report by international food security experts.. "Uitstel voor census Soedan". Their main role in society is conflict resolution, peace and reconciliation between families and clans. [33] Likewise, according to the World Christian Encyclopedia, the Catholic Church is the largest single Christian body in Sudan since 1995, with 2.7 million Catholics mainly concentrated in South Sudan. The total number of South Sudanese refugees has now passed 2 million, it is the largest refugee crisis in Africa, and the third largest in the world, after Syria and Afghanistan. Acholiland in Uganda is the home of Joseph Kony, who proclaims himself the spokesman of God and a spirit medium and promotes a mixture of Traditional African religion and Christianity, and who leads the Lord’s Resistance Army. After the Sudan region was invaded in 1820 by Muḥammad ʿAlī, viceroy of Egypt under the Ottoman Empire, the southern Sudan was plundered for slaves. South Sudan experiences a wide variety of environmental problems, including soil degradation due to the widespread deforestation with consequent loss of biodiversity and wildlife habitats, pollution of rivers and the environmental due to oil drilling in the wetlands, over-exploitation of fisheries and conflicts over diminishing resources such as rangelands and water sources for livestock. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. [26] Note that other sources give differing figures. [4] Many Southern Sudanese were also said to not have been counted "due to bad weather, really poor communication and transport networks, and some areas were unreachable, while many Southern Sudanese remained in exile in neighbouring countries, leading to 'unacceptable results', according [to] southern Sudanese authorities. South Sudan, a nation embracing its identity through its skin. The Acholi people (part of the Nilotic group) occupy a region in the western part of Eastern Equatoria and speak the Acholi language. More than 30,000 people in South Sudan are likely to be in famine, while tens of thousands more are on the brink of starvation, international food security experts say. Because of this, British energies in the north were free to be directed toward modernization efforts, whereas in the south they were more focused on simply maintaining order, leading to a dichotomy of development between north and south that continued for several decades. Land is held in trust by the community; with no single person in authority. In the early months of 2017, parts of South Sudan experienced a famine following several years of instability in the country's food supply caused by war and drought.The famine, largely focused in the northern part of the country, affected an estimated five million people (nearly 50% of the South Sudanese population). Some may not be viable and/or have incorrect Progress Scale values, population, language and religion information. However this initiative was criticised as it was to leave out countries with a high share of the Southern Sudanese diaspora, and rather count countries where the diaspora share was low.[8]. After famine ravaged parts of South Sudan in 2017, people are still at risk of dying of hunger. Lieutenant General Nhial Deng Nhial is a South Sudanese politician and a member of the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement. More than 30,000 people in South Sudan are likely to be in famine, while tens of thousands more are on the brink of starvation, international food security experts say. During the 1970, the Unregistered Land Act ended the last remnants of colonial administrative systems, which were replaced by central-state system of leasing land for large farming operations. The Rwodi were traditionally believed to have supernatural powers, but ruled through a Council of Clan Elders; the Council's representatives could mediate issues between clans. In the world’s youngest country, skin whitening and the issue of colourism is linked to a complex history. Only one schoolchild in four is a girl and female illiteracy is the highest in the world. The Tennet practice traditional beliefs and religious practices, including having a tribal Rainmaker who is entrusted with performing certain rituals to bring rain. 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