[273] Lectio Divina, Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (26 March 2019): L’Osservatore Romano, 27 March 2019, p. 10. As a result, they have lost whatever value they might have had, and have become another source of polarization in an already divided society. Let us turn at last to the injured man. 68. True wisdom demands an encounter with reality. [11] CARDINAL RAÚL SILVA HENRÍQUEZ, Homily at the Te Deum, Santiago de Chile (18 September 1974). Love enables us to create one great family, where all of us can feel at home… Love exudes compassion and dignity”.[56]. The following pages do not claim to offer a complete teaching on fraternal love, but rather to consider its universal scope, its openness to every man and woman. The development of a global community of fraternity based on the practice of social friendship on the part of peoples and nations calls for a better kind of politics, one truly at the service of the common good. For “the future is not monochrome; if we are courageous, we can contemplate it in all the variety and diversity of what each individual person has to offer. [219] BISHOPS’ CONFERENCE OF COLOMBIA, Por el bien de Colombia: diálogo, reconciliación y desarrollo integral (26 November 2019), 4. Hence there is an aspect of universal openness in love that is existential rather than geographical. This requires that they be treated differently. To separate them would be to disfigure each and to create a dangerous polarization. “If someone tells young people to ignore their history, to reject the experiences of their elders, to look down on the past and to look forward to a future that he himself holds out, doesn’t it then become easy to draw them along so that they only do what he tells them? Here, regrettably, I feel bound to reiterate that “we have had enough of immorality and the mockery of ethics, goodness, faith and honesty. Reconciliation is a personal act, and no one can impose it upon an entire society, however great the need to foster it. SOCIAL COMMISSION OF THE BISHOPS OF FRANCE, Declaration Réhabiliter la Politique (17 February 1999). [140] Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ (24 May 2015), 129: AAS 107 (2015), 899. [234] Message for the 2020 World Day of Peace (8 December 2019), 2: L’Osservatore Romano, 13 December 2019, p. 8. [214], 230. There are powerful countries and large businesses that profit from this isolation and prefer to negotiate with each country separately. 90. Whoever sheds the blood of a man, by man shall his blood be shed” (Gen 9:5-6). Sadly, some “are attracted by Western culture, sometimes with unrealistic expectations that expose them to grave disappointments. [36] Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christus Vivit (25 March 2019), 91. [72] Our affection for others makes us freely desire to seek their good. The benefits and limits of liberal approaches, 163. For “man is a limited being who is himself limitless”.[130]. Such dialogue needs to be enriched and illumined by clear thinking, rational arguments, a variety of perspectives and the contribution of different fields of knowledge and points of view. This shallow understanding has little to do with the richness of a liberty directed above all to love. 73. It could be said that, here and now, anyone who is neither a robber nor a passer-by is either injured himself or bearing an injured person on his shoulders. If at times the poor and the dispossessed react with attitudes that appear antisocial, we should realize that in many cases those reactions are born of a history of scorn and social exclusion. Peace is not achieved by normative frameworks and institutional arrangements between well-meaning political or economic groups… It is always helpful to incorporate into our peace processes the experience of those sectors that have often been overlooked, so that communities themselves can influence the development of a collective memory”. 229. Isolation, no; closeness, yes. Nor is our authentic identity preserved by an impoverished isolation”. What is law without the conviction, born of age-old reflection and great wisdom, that each human being is sacred and inviolable? May this determination help us flee from the temptation for revenge and the satisfaction of short-term partisan interests”. For some Jews of that time, Samaritans were looked down upon, considered impure. 65. “People” and “person” are correlative terms. [163] PORTUGUESE BISHOPS’ CONFERENCE, Pastoral Letter Responsabilidade Solidária pelo Bem Comum (15 September 2003), 20; cf. He made of them a way of life. Finally, I would note that in another passage of the Gospel Jesus says: “I was a stranger and you welcomed me” (Mt 25:35). Yet it is easy to fall into an overly broad interpretation of this potential right. Let us seek out others and embrace the world as it is, without fear of pain or a sense of inadequacy, because there we will discover all the goodness that God has planted in human hearts. Poverty, decadence and suffering in one part of the earth are a silent breeding ground for problems that will end up affecting the entire planet. If each individual is of such great worth, it must be stated clearly and firmly that “the mere fact that some people are born in places with fewer resources or less development does not justify the fact that they are living with less dignity”. I would like to mention some of those “hidden exiles” who are treated as foreign bodies in society. Nor should we naively refuse to recognize that “obsession with a consumerist lifestyle, above all when few people are capable of maintaining it, can only lead to violence and mutual destruction”. By its very nature, love calls for growth in openness and the ability to accept others as part of a continuing adventure that makes every periphery converge in a greater sense of mutual belonging. 270. Full Litany of Blessed Virgin Mary after new titles introduced by Pope Francis, 2. Consequently, if I can help at least one person to have a better life, that already justifies the offering of my life. From our faith experience and from the wisdom accumulated over centuries, but also from lessons learned from our many weaknesses and failures, we, the believers of the different religions, know that our witness to God benefits our societies. The service they provide by their efforts to unite and lead can become the basis of an enduring vision of transformation and growth that would also include making room for others in the pursuit of the common good. [152] PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR JUSTICE AND PEACE, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 434. In this case, the Samaritan became a neighbour to the wounded Judean. 266. 211. Despite these dark clouds, which may not be ignored, I would like in the following pages to take up and discuss many new paths of hope. At the same time, those cultures should be encouraged to be open to new experiences through their encounter with other realities, for the risk of succumbing to cultural sclerosis is always present. Gratuitousness makes it possible for us to welcome the stranger, even though this brings us no immediate tangible benefit. [258] The firm rejection of the death penalty shows to what extent it is possible to recognize the inalienable dignity of every human being and to accept that he or she has a place in this universe. [16] Wealth has increased, but together with inequality, with the result that “new forms of poverty are emerging”. 34. However, it is not possible to proclaim a “blanket reconciliation” in an effort to bind wounds by decree or to cover injustices in a cloak of oblivion. Latino culture is “a ferment of values and possibilities that can greatly enrich the United States”, for “intense immigration always ends up influencing and transforming the culture of a place… In Argentina, intense immigration from Italy has left a mark on the culture of the society, and the presence of some 200,000 Jews has a great effect on the cultural ‘style’ of Buenos Aires. [183] Only a gaze transformed by charity can enable the dignity of others to be recognized and, as a consequence, the poor to be acknowledged and valued in their dignity, respected in their identity and culture, and thus truly integrated into society. Halfway through, we interrupt him and want to contradict what he has not even finished saying. 188. In this new significant encyclical “FRATELLI TUTTI”, Pope Francis calls for a more fraternal society that does not just continue as before after the Corona crisis and bluntly names the shadows of the world situation" and offers the world community the accompaniment of religions for a new "path of hope" and solidarity along with numerous ideas on social and peace ethics. Nowadays, it is easy to be tempted to turn the page, to say that all these things happened long ago and we should look to the future. Good and evil no longer exist in themselves; there is only a calculus of benefits and burdens. Together, the two prevent us from falling into one of two extremes. For they have another way of looking at things; they see aspects of reality that are invisible to the centres of power where weighty decisions are made. [174], 184. The mutual sense of belonging is prior to the emergence of individual groups. It should be added that, with increased globalization, what might appear as an immediate or practical solution for one part of the world initiates a chain of violent and often latent effects that end up harming the entire planet and opening the way to new and worse wars in the future. At the same time, it warns us about the attitude of those who think only of themselves and fail to shoulder the inevitable responsibilities of life as it is. She can thus understand, from her own experience of grace and sin, the beauty of the invitation to universal love. Like Laudato Si’, Fratelli Tutti is a social encyclical, where the pope applies the moral teachings of the Church to the social and economic challenges of the current day. [186] Address at the Meeting with Authorities and the Diplomatic Corps in the Central African Republic, Bangui (29 November 2015): AAS 107 (2015), 1320. 152. Yet let us not do this alone, as individuals. [168] This means acknowledging that “love, overflowing with small gestures of mutual care, is also civic and political, and it makes itself felt in every action that seeks to build a better world”. [176] Indeed its close relation to truth fosters its universality and preserves it from being “confined to a narrow field devoid of relationships”. In the end, the law of the strongest prevails. [235], 254. 228. Nor can I reduce my life to relationships with a small group, even my own family; I cannot know myself apart from a broader network of relationships, including those that have preceded me and shaped my entire life. Issues of human fraternity and social friendship have always been a concern of mine. For this reason, it is important that catechesis and preaching speak more directly and clearly about the social meaning of existence, the fraternal dimension of spirituality, our conviction of the inalienable dignity of each person, and our reasons for loving and accepting all our brothers and sisters. 154. 149. Revenge resolves nothing. Every “peace process requires enduring commitment. [229] Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium (24 November 2013), 228: AAS 105 (2013), 1113. Thus, Saint Thomas Aquinas could say – quoting Saint Augustine – that the temperance of a greedy person is in no way virtuous. [284] For this reason I would like to reiterate here the appeal for peace, justice and fraternity that we made together: “In the name of God, who has created all human beings equal in rights, duties and dignity, and who has called them to live together as brothers and sisters, to fill the earth and make known the values of goodness, love and peace; “In the name of innocent human life that God has forbidden to kill, affirming that whoever kills a person is like one who kills the whole of humanity, and that whoever saves a person is like one who saves the whole of humanity; “In the name of the poor, the destitute, the marginalized and those most in need, whom God has commanded us to help as a duty required of all persons, especially the wealthy and those of means; “In the name of orphans, widows, refugees and those exiled from their homes and their countries; in the name of all victims of wars, persecution and injustice; in the name of the weak, those who live in fear, prisoners of war and those tortured in any part of the world, without distinction; “In the name of peoples who have lost their security, peace and the possibility of living together, becoming victims of destruction, calamity and war; “In the name of human fraternity, that embraces all human beings, unites them and renders them equal; “In the name of this fraternity torn apart by policies of extremism and division, by systems of unrestrained profit or by hateful ideological tendencies that manipulate the actions and the future of men and women; “In the name of freedom, that God has given to all human beings, creating them free and setting them apart by this gift; “In the name of justice and mercy, the foundations of prosperity and the cornerstone of faith; “In the name of all persons of goodwill present in every part of the world; “In the name of God and of everything stated thus far, [we] declare the adoption of a culture of dialogue as the path; mutual cooperation as the code of conduct; reciprocal understanding as the method and standard”.[285]. [61] We likewise believe that Christ shed his blood for each of us and that no one is beyond the scope of his universal love. [77] Message for the World Day of Persons with Disabilities (3 December 2019): L’Osservatore Romano, 4 December 2019, 7. [282] Address to Civil Authorities, Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina (6 June 2015): L’Osservatore Romano, 7 June 2015, p. 7. It gives a universal dimension to our call to love, one that transcends all prejudices, all historical and cultural barriers, all petty interests. Planeta, Buenos Aires, 2017, 105. 1) and shares a vision for humanity that Pope Francis has emphasized throughout his papacy: “It is my desire that, in this our time, by acknowledging the dignity of each human person, we can contribute to the rebirth of a universal aspiration to fraternity. The politician, on the other hand, builds a bridge, and that too is an act of charity. A people’s “culture” is more than an abstract idea. Our understanding of their meaning and scope can increase – and in that respect, consensus is a dynamic reality – but in themselves, they are held to be enduring by virtue of their inherent meaning. [152] At the same time, “the work of the United Nations, according to the principles set forth in the Preamble and the first Articles of its founding Charter, can be seen as the development and promotion of the rule of law, based on the realization that justice is an essential condition for achieving the ideal of universal fraternity… There is a need to ensure the uncontested rule of law and tireless recourse to negotiation, mediation and arbitration, as proposed by the Charter of the United Nations, which constitutes truly a fundamental juridical norm”. Charity, with its impulse to universality, is capable of building a new world. We should also recognize that destructive forms of fanaticism are at times found among religious believers, including Christians; they too “can be caught up in networks of verbal violence through the internet and the various forums of digital communication. You know well how much suffering is caused by the denial of freedom of conscience and of religious freedom, and how that wound leaves a humanity which is impoverished, because it lacks hope and ideals to guide it”. The Catechism of the Catholic Church speaks of the possibility of legitimate defence by means of military force, which involves demonstrating that certain “rigorous conditions of moral legitimacy”[239] have been met. In this way, it becomes possible to be frank and open about our beliefs, while continuing to discuss, to seek points of contact, and above all, to work and struggle together”. Pope Francis signs third encyclical of his pontificate in Assisi, “Fratelli tutti,” the new encyclical by which Pope Francis wants to heal the world, 1. The ancient commandment to “love your neighbour as yourself” (Lev 19:18) was usually understood as referring to one’s fellow citizens, yet the boundaries gradually expanded, especially in the Judaism that developed outside of the land of Israel. International peace and stability cannot be based on a false sense of security, on the threat of mutual destruction or total annihilation, or on simply maintaining a balance of power… In this context, the ultimate goal of the total elimination of nuclear weapons becomes both a challenge and a moral and humanitarian imperative… Growing interdependence and globalization mean that any response to the threat of nuclear weapons should be collective and concerted, based on mutual trust. Unless they are taken into account – together with a sound critique of demagoguery – a fundamental aspect of social reality would be overlooked. [212] Message for the 2020 World Day of Peace (8 December 2019), 3: L’Osservatore Romano, 13 December 2019, p. 8. On numerous occasions, I have spoken of “a principle indispensable to the building of friendship in society: namely, that unity is greater than conflict… This is not to opt for a kind of syncretism, or for the absorption of one into the other, but rather for a resolution which takes place on a higher plane and preserves what is valid and useful on both sides”. [116], 134. 8-17; M. ZALBA, S.J., Theologiae Moralis Summa. We should also recognize that “even though the international community has adopted numerous agreements aimed at ending slavery in all its forms, and has launched various strategies to combat this phenomenon, millions of people today – children, women and men of all ages – are deprived of freedom and forced to live in conditions akin to slavery… Today, as in the past, slavery is rooted in a notion of the human person that allows him or her to be treated as an object… Whether by coercion, or deception, or by physical or psychological duress, human persons created in the image and likeness of God are deprived of their freedom, sold and reduced to being the property of others. [172] SAINT JOHN PAUL II, Encyclical Letter Redemptor Hominis (4 March 1979), 15: AAS 71 (1979), 288. One detail about the passers-by does stand out: they were religious, devoted to the worship of God: a priest and a Levite. Even so, I do not wish to limit this presentation to a kind of utilitarian approach. By approaching and making himself present, he crossed all cultural and historical barriers. The original Italian title will be used, without being translated, in all the languages in which the document is published. We forget that “there is no worse form of alienation than to feel uprooted, belonging to no one. Here, there can be a misunderstanding. 83. Will we bend down and help another to get up? Priest stars in documentary showing ups and downs of parish life, 2. In fact, a healthy openness never threatens one’s own identity. “That light is both the light of reason and the light of faith”,[180] and does not admit any form of relativism. It is time to acknowledge that light-hearted superficiality has done us no good. The experience of being raised in a particular place and sharing in a particular culture gives us insight into aspects of reality that others cannot so easily perceive. A love capable of transcending borders is the basis of what in every city and country can be called “social friendship”. 74. Given this situation, it is essential to devise stronger and more efficiently organized international institutions, with functionaries who are appointed fairly by agreement among national governments, and empowered to impose sanctions”. Prisoners of a virtual reality, we lost the taste and flavour of the truly real”. [29] Technology is constantly advancing, yet “how wonderful it would be if the growth of scientific and technological innovation could come with more equality and social inclusion. Instead, it was a misguided attempt, born of pride and ambition, to create a unity other than that willed by God in his providential plan for the nations (cf. Pope Francis signed his latest encyclical Fratelli Tutti on Saturday 3 October 2020, in Asissi, on the anniversary of the death of St Francis, whose name he took on becoming Pope (see photo).. Such was the temptation referred to in the ancient account of the Tower of Babel. ID., Address to the Roman Curia (21 December 1984), 4: AAS 76 (1984), 506. If the conviction that all human beings are brothers and sisters is not to remain an abstract idea but to find concrete embodiment, then numerous related issues emerge, forcing us to see things in a new light and to develop new responses. Francis did not wage a war of words aimed at imposing doctrines; he simply spread the love of God. Liberty becomes nothing more than a condition for living as we will, completely free to choose to whom or what we will belong, or simply to possess or exploit. They dream of a better future and they want to create the conditions for achieving it”. [164] Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ (24 May 2015), 191: AAS 107 (2015), 923. It speaks to us of an essential and often forgotten aspect of our common humanity: we were created for a fulfilment that can only be found in love. Yet it also respects the development of the sciences and their essential contribution to finding the surest and most practical means of achieving the desired results. This requires us to place at the centre of all political, social and economic activity the human person, who enjoys the highest dignity, and respect for the common good. Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ (24 May 2015), 93: AAS 107 (2015), 884-885; Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium (24 November 2013), 189-190: AAS 105 (2013), 1099-1100. The most offensive charge that those who sought to discredit Jesus could bring was that he was “possessed” and “a Samaritan” (Jn 8:48). Address to Participants in the World Meeting of Popular Movements (28 October 2014): AAS 106 (2014), 851-859. Instead, he encourages us to create a different culture, in which we resolve our conflicts and care for one another. Others think that promoting forgiveness means yielding ground and influence to others. [160] In other words, a “healthy politics… capable of reforming and coordinating institutions, promoting best practices and overcoming undue pressure and bureaucratic inertia”. Love of neighbour is concrete and squanders none of the resources needed to bring about historical change that can benefit the poor and disadvantaged. [233] Neither must we forget the persecutions, the slave trade and the ethnic killings that continue in various countries, as well as the many other historical events that make us ashamed of our humanity. [33] Cf. Nor is equality achieved by an abstract proclamation that “all men and women are equal”. [158] Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ (24 May 2015), 189: AAS 107 (2015), 922. Of the counsels Francis offered, I would like to select the one in which he calls for a love that transcends the barriers of geography and distance, and declares blessed all those who love their brother “as much when he is far away from him as when he is with him”. 3, dist. Here I would stress that “it is impossible to imagine that states today have no other means than capital punishment to protect the lives of other people from the unjust aggressor”. [115] Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christus Vivit (25 March 2019), 93. The riches we possess are not our own, but theirs as well”. Freedom thus becomes an illusion that we are peddled, easily confused with the ability to navigate the internet. Even when affronted, goodness is never weak but rather, shows its strength by refusing to take revenge”. [110], 130. God, on the other hand, gives freely, to the point of helping even those who are unfaithful; he “makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good” (Mt 5:45). This illusion, unmindful of the great fraternal values, leads to “a sort of cynicism. 91. No. [110] General Audience (3 April 2019): L’Osservatore Romano, 4 April 2019, p. 8. Social peace demands hard work, craftsmanship. Their biggest concern should not be about a drop in the polls, but about finding effective solutions to “the phenomenon of social and economic exclusion, with its baneful consequences: human trafficking, the marketing of human organs and tissues, the sexual exploitation of boys and girls, slave labour, including prostitution, the drug and weapons trade, terrorism and international organized crime. In any case, forgetting is never the answer. “Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. His problems are theirs… In families, everyone contributes to the common purpose; everyone works for the common good, not denying each person’s individuality but encouraging and supporting it. All of us have a responsibility for the wounded, those of our own people and all the peoples of the earth. This demonstrates the need for a greater spirit of fraternity, but also a more efficient worldwide organization to help resolve the problems plaguing the abandoned who are suffering and dying in poor countries. The recent pandemic enabled us to recognize and appreciate once more all those around us who, in the midst of fear, responded by putting their lives on the line. [167], 181. [249] This means that legitimate public authority can and must “inflict punishments according to the seriousness of the crimes”[250] and that judicial power be guaranteed a “necessary independence in the realm of law”. Encyclical Letter; A Prayer for the Earth; The Canticle of Creatures; Interfaith Prayer; [241] Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ (24 May 2015), 104: AAS 107 (2015), 888. Under the guise of being politically correct or ideologically fashionable, we look at those who suffer without touching them. For our part, let us foster what is good and place ourselves at its service. 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