Both of these were forbidden to the priests in the law: shaving in Leviticus 21:5, and letting the hair grow freely in Leviticus 10:6; and the latter was simply imposed upon the Nazarites for the period of their vow (Numbers 6:5). - In Ezekiel 44:25-27 there follow regulations concerning defilement from the dead, and its removal. A list of the best commentaries on Daniel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Each finds favour with his master, and afterwards with a foreign monarch. Daniel 9:1 Context. For we know how the Jews were often treated harshly, roughly, and contemptuously. 1. In Ezekiel 44:23 and Ezekiel 44:24 the general official duties of the priests are mentioned, viz., to teach the people, and to instruct them concerning the difference between the holy and the unholy, the clean and the unclean, as in Leviticus 10:10 (cf. Notice the use of ‘God’ with the article, and not Yahweh (compare also ‘Lord’ in Daniel 1:2 and see Daniel 2:47), because Daniel was in a foreign country, a typical Pentateuchal usage. Because they ate, as did the heathens in general, beasts which had been strangled, or not properly blooded. The result is this, — Daniel obtained favor with the prefect, since God bent the heart of a man, otherwise unsoftened, to clemency and humanity. In the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, was meditating on the Scriptures that gave, according to the Word of God to the prophet Jeremiah, the number of years that Jerusalem had to lie in ruins, namely, seventy. Regarding this verse, Expositor’s states, “The Persian king who invaded Greece was, of course, Xerxes, who reigned 485-464 B.C.”Daniel 11:3-4 spe… Daniel 1-9 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Four Young Israelites at the Babylonian Court 1 In the third year of the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. First, the heart must be set. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Let us perceive, then, that on both sides the will is in God’s power, either to bend the hearts of men to humanity, or to harden those which were naturally tender. (2) God was the author of the favor which was thus shown to Daniel. Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. For, as we shall see in the next verse, the prefect simply denied his request. 2 The Lord let King Jehoiakim of Judah fall into his power, as well as some of the vessels of the house of God. Daniel purposed in his heart: In this, Daniel illustrated how to conquer a difficult trial and glorify God before others in the midst of testing. By what means this had been done is not mentioned. So in Joseph's case (Genesis 39:21). We see a like instance of God’s care over Joseph, (Genesis 39:21,) when he was a poor captive, a prisoner, and destitute of all friends to support or comfort him: see Psalms 106:46, where, as here, the favour of men toward God’s people is attributed to his overruling and gracious providence over them. In this passage, the God of Israel appears as the Ancient of Days (or “the Ancient One” in the NRSV translation); a … Continue reading "Commentary on Daniel 7:9-10, 13-14" Then Daniel was brought in before the king. Pro 20:1; Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. But the instructions concerning the purification from defilement from the dead are sharpened, inasmuch as not only is the purification prescribed by the law (Numbers 19:1. We must consider the minds and hearts of men to be so governed by God’s secret instinct, that he changes their affections just as he pleases. The Chetib ושׁפטהוּ, on the other hand, is a copyist's error for ישׁפטהוּ. Your city - Jehovah's reputation among the Gentile nations (and the Jews for that matter) was associated with Jerusalem, for God Himself declared that this was "the place where I have chosen to cause My Name to dwell" (Neh 1:9). THE PATH TO DIVINE JUDGMENT. Because the animals that were eaten were first offered as victims to their gods. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Daniel 1:9. ), and which lasted seven days, required (this is meant by טהרתו), but a further period of seven days is appointed after these, at the expiration of which the presentation of a sin-offering is demanded before the service in the sanctuary can be resumed. God was to be seen as present and active in what was happening. And we read of bowels of mercies, &c. This is a special act of God’s favour to his afflicted people, to give them any favour in the eyes of them that do afflict them; Psalms 106:46. (see ‘ past Daniel 11 theories ’ - or video) My interpretation breaks from the old at verse 4 and shows that Daniel 11 chronicles every empire in the Middle East, from Daniel to Armageddon. He made them to be pitied of those that carried them captive. We should despise all the gifts and rewards this world can give, did we see, as we may by faith, its end hastening on; but let us do our duty in the world, and do it all the real service we can. 3. The prophecy of Daniel 11 begins with the prediction that “three more kings will arise in Persia” followed by a fourth who would “stir up all against the realm of Greece” (verse 2). This sanctification cannot be understood in any other way than as analogous to the rule laid down in the law, that touching most holy sacrificial flesh would sanctify (Leviticus 6:11, Leviticus 6:20), which Ezekiel repeats in Ezekiel 46:20, and which does not stand in anything like an isolated position in the law, but is also affirmed in Exodus 29:37 and Exodus 30:29 of the altar of burnt-offering and the vessels of the sanctuary. These are treated of in Ezekiel 44:28-31. Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. God took a king who was filled with pride and focused on self and God broke him. Now God had brought Daniel into favor - Compare Genesis 39:21; Proverbs 16:7. And thus let us learn from the example of Daniel to go on fearlessly in our course, and not to turn aside, even if the whole world should oppose us; since God can easily and readily remove all impediments and we shall find those who were formerly most cruel, become humane when the Lord wishes to spare us. A NIGHT OF DRUNKENNESS - 1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. PRINCIPLE: An all-consuming purpose of living for the glory of God will enable us to meet the spiritual tests of life. and yet they reject my food, as if I were polluted. Daniel 1:9. For the proposal of Hitzig to take the words from אני נחלתם to the close of the verse as a parenthesis, and to regard 'המּנחה וגו in Ezekiel 44:29 as the subject to 'והיתה, is untenable, not only on account of the great harshness which such a parenthesis would involve, but principally because these portions of the sacrifices and heave-offerings which belonged to the priest were not a נחלה, and are never designated as נחלה, inheritance, i.e., property in land. In fact, Ezekiel throughout makes no distinction between the high priest and the common priests. It was by a controlling influence which he exerted, that this result had been secured, and Daniel traced it directly to him. Sloth and softness naturally creep over us, and induce us to reject the cross. That God wonderfully owned him herein. It is true, indeed, that every one has a peculiar disposition from his birth some are ferocious, warlike, and sanguinary; others are mild, humane, and tractable. Daniel put himself under the full commitment to follow his heart. God brought the pagan king to full faith in God Almighty. i. He spoke to Belshazzar as to a condemned criminal. God. Here let us acknowledge the power of God’s hand to turn the hearts of those who rage against us, and to flee us from all danger. So he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself. There would have been great reason to apprehend beforehand, that the refusal of Daniel and his companions to partake of the food prepared for them would have been construed as an affront offered to the king, especially if it was understood to be on the ground that they regarded it as “defilement” or “pollution” to partake of it; but God overruled it all so as to secure the favor of those in power. Now, you may wish to debate this important point, but I would say that the story before us in Daniel chapter 6 is possibly the most loved story in the Old Testament (as voted by those under 9 years of age.) Even world leaders! The same thing which applied to these vessels - namely, that their holiness passed from them to any one who touched them - is here predicated of the holy dresses of the priests; and the moving of the priests among the people in their holy clothes is forbidden, because such holiness, acquired by contact with holy objects, imposed upon the person to whom it had passed the obligation to guard against all defilement (Leviticus 21:1-8), which the people could not avoid in the ordinary relations of life, and thus a weakening or abolition of the distinction between things holy and common would inevitably have ensued. The prohibition of the drinking of wine when performing service agrees with Leviticus 10:9; on the other hand, the instructions concerning the choice of wives are sharpened in Ezekiel 44:22, as that which only applied to the high priest in the law is here extended to all the priests. The life must be positive. 8 But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the king’s food or wine. Why then did they so freely offer them the most valuable of their household goods? It is clear enough that the Egyptians were hostile towards the Israelites. We may hence learn that the favor of others toward us is to be traced to the hand of God, and if we are prospered in the world, and are permitted to enjoy the friendship of those who have it in their power to benefit us, though it may be on account of our personal qualifications, we should learn to attribute it all to God. It seems that Daniel was semi-retired, still holding a government office yet "out of the loop." לשׁכות הקּדשׁ are the holy cell-buildings described in Ezekiel 42:1-14. 1-4 “Darius, son of Ahasuerus, born a Mede, became king over the land of Babylon. God had brought Daniel into favour. Ver. Video Illustration: Daniel meets King Neb Daniel – God’s kingdom changer Series Thesis: Daniel was a man sold out to the Lord and as a result it influenced his life situations, rather than letting his life situations influence him. Now God had brought Daniel into favor and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. It was to him a great advantage, that by the friendship of this man he was enabled to carry out the purposes of temperance and religion which he had formed, without coming in conflict with those who were in power. … (16) So the king gave the order and they brought Daniel and threw him into the lions’ den. For when he brought his people out of Egypt, he gave them favor with the Egyptians, so that they carried with them their most precious vessels. Daniel Chapter 6: Lunch with Lions. Daniel models lifestyle evangelism and shows how effective it is in impacting people with the truth of the Gospel. St. Paul has an expression somewhat like it, if not stronger, in his epistle to Philemon, Daniel 1:12. 6 Then the king’s face grew pale and his thoughts alarmed him, and his hip joints went slack and his knees began knocking together. But though he was not willing to acquiesce in the prayers of Daniel, he showed a singular kindness in not taking him before the king, since courtiers are ready for any accusation for the sake of obtaining favor. The acute natural faculties of each are miraculously increased by God; and, lastly, each is sent into a foreign land to comfort exiled Israel. There would have been great reason to apprehend beforehand, that the refusal of Daniel and his companions to partake of the food prepared for them would have been construed as an affront offered to the king, especially if it was understood to be on the ground that they regarded it as "defilement" or "pollution" to partake of it; but God overruled it all so as to secure the favor of those in power. Lastly, at all the feasts they are to observe the laws and statutes of Jehovah, that is to say, to perform all the priestly duties binding upon them at the feasts, and to sanctify the Sabbaths, not merely by offering the Sabbath sacrifices, but also by maintaining the Sabbath rest (cf. APPLICATION: The will of God was the all-consuming purpose of Daniel’s life. It follows —. It was He Who won Daniel favour with this great prince. These verses from the Book of Daniel provide the reader with one of the most graphic depictions of God found in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament (HB/OT) (cf. He expresses how he escaped the danger, because the perfect treated him kindly, when he might have instantly caused his death. Daniel, to satisfy him that there would be no danger of any bad consequence, desires the … by I Gordon. This phrase, as we have expounded it, is customary with the Hebrews; as when it is said, (Psalms 106:46,) God gave the Jews favor in the sight of the heathen who had led them captive; meaning, he took care that their conquerors should not rage so cruelly against them as they had done at first. 2. Daniel 1:9-21; Walking in Wisdom: We are to do all we can to win the trust and respect of non-Christians without compromising our biblical convictions. It is easier to keep temptation at a distance, than to resist it when near. a. I, Daniel, alone saw the vision : This shows that there was something supernatural about this vision. Daniel 5:1-9. Daniel 1:9. 9. Then, very probably, the prefect would know that this had been granted to Daniel by his servant. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (9) Into favour.—The close correspondence between Daniel and Joseph has been frequently remarked. 115-118. 9 Now God had granted Daniel favor and compassion from the chief official, 10 but he said to Daniel, “I fear my lord the king, who has assigned your food and drink. ‘Now God made Daniel to be viewed with favour and compassion in the sight of the prince over the palace servants.’. Hebrew. It often happens that we cannot discharge everything which God requires and exacts without imminent danger to our lives. It may be presumed, however, that it was by the attractiveness of his person and manners, and by the evidence of promising talent which he had evinced. Biblical resources, such as The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, provide the historical explanations for this prophecy. We now understand the sense of the words of this verse, as well as the Prophet’s intention. His object in this narrative is to urge us to greater earnestness in duty, if we have to undergo any difficulties when God calls us. 4 c. 10, p. 145. 17-31 A King's Last Night on Earth I. Now God had brought Daniel into favour.] v1 I, King Nebuchadnezzar, send this message to everyone in the world. Daniel 9:1 "In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;" Darius, the Mede, had been a friend of Daniel, and elevated him to high office in his kingdom. And we cannot better improve our interest in any with whom we have found favour, than to use it to keep us from sin. This variety springs from God’s secret ordination; but God not only forms every one’s disposition at his birth, but every day and every moment, if it seems good to him, changes every one’s affections. It has a like sense also at ch. And we cannot better improve our interest in any with whom we have found favour, than to use it to keep us from sin. The favour of others toward the godly is the doing of God. על ריב, concerning, in the case of, matters in dispute. (with Art.) App-4. When Daniel requested that he might have none of the king’s meat or wine set before him the prince of the eunuchs objected that, if he and his fellows were not found in as good case as any of their companions, he should be in danger of having anger and of losing his head, v. 10. Each finds favour with his master, and afterwards with a foreign monarch. Daniel purposed in his heart, making up his mind beforehand that he would not compromise. (Dan 5:13-16) Belshazzar asks Daniel to interpret the message. What happened to Daniel as a result of his faithful commitment to the Lord? He ruled over Babylon, after Babylon fell to the Medes and Persians. 113-115, and Edward J. This is the effect of the special presence of God, Genesis 39:3,4,21. Here He was ‘the God of Heaven’, supreme over all. Even before this request was made; as he gave to Joseph favour in the sight of Potiphar, and of the keeper of the prison; for whatever favour is shown to good men by bad men is from the Lord; for though Daniel's ingenuity, the goodness of his temper, and his modest behaviour, his excellent natural parts, and other accomplishments, might be a means of ingratiating him into the favour of this officer; yet all would have been insufficient to recommend him to him, or to overcome his prejudices on account of religion, if the Lord had not wrought upon his heart to show kindness and tenderness to him; which appeared not only by his past usage of him; but, when he presented his supplication to him, he did not put on a stern countenance, and answer him roughly, and threaten him if he did not comply with the king's orders; but in a mild and gentle manner, as follows: Daniel 1:9 Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. (9) Into favour.—The close correspondence between Daniel and Joseph has been frequently remarked. Daniel, therefore, gives us courage to obey God and his commands, and here states his favor with the prefect, since God granted his servant favor while faithfully performing his duty. Daniel, yesterday, related what he had asked from the master to whose care he had been committed, he now inserts his sentence, to show this demand to be quite unobjectionable, since the prefect of the eunuchs treated him kindly. Then the king commanded Ashpenaz, his chief eunuch, to bring some of the people of Israel, both of … I am writing to the people in … Elohim. You can find the best commentary on Daniel for you using the tools on the right side. Whatever were the means, however, two things are worthy of notice: (1) The effect of this on the subsequent fortunes of Daniel. according to their accentuation) have endeavoured to obliterate this distinction, by applying the first hemistich to the high priest alone, and explaining the second thus: "The widow, who is really a widow, the priest may take," interpreting מכּהן by quidam sacerdotum, or aliqui ex ordine sacerdotali, or ceteri sacerdotes. Daniel avoided defiling himself with sin; and we should more fear that than any outward trouble. Daniel 1-6 shows how these four Jewish youths dealt tactfully and graciously with their captors. He also blinds men’s minds, and rouses them again from their stupor. כּסם only occurs here; but its meaning, to cut the hair, is obvious from the context. If then there was any connivance on the part of the prefect, this is the favor and pity of which Daniel now speaks. ii. Talm. Although very probably he did not use the word “pollution,” and openly and directly call the royal diet a “defilement,” yet it, may be easily conjectured from these words which he now records, that he asked the prefect to be permitted to eat pulse, because he did not think himself permitted to partake of the royal diet. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 1:9 "God granted" This verse, like v. 17, shows God's presence and purpose in the situation. Video Daniel 2:1-18;The Power of Prayer: When we encounter challenges that seem insurmountable, we are … The grace of God enables each to overcome the temptations into which his circumstances lead him. For the fact itself, see Malachi 3:10. Tender love— רחמים rachamim, Bowels of compassion. 5 Suddenly the fingers of a man’s hand emerged and began writing opposite the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace, and the king saw the back of the hand that did the writing. Daniel 1:8 : Daniel 1:10 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. So, again, the Lord can exasperate our friends, and cause them afterwards to rise up in hostility against us. For these duties and obligations of service the priests are to receive corresponding emoluments. The word is of very strong import, and denotes a kind of parental compassion. Because they ate unclean beasts, which were forbidden by the Jewish law. 5. It is easier to keep temptation at a distance, than to resist it when near. For the priests' share of the meat-offering, sin-offering, and trespass-offering, see Leviticus 2:3; Leviticus 6:9, Leviticus 6:11, Leviticus 6:19; Leviticus 7:6-7; for that which is put under the ban, Leviticus 27:21; for the first-fruits, Exodus 23:19; Exodus 34:26; Deuteronomy 18:4; Numbers 18:13; for the תּרוּמות, Numbers 15:19; Numbers 18:19; for the ראשׁית עריסות, Numbers 15:20-21. Proverbs 16:7). It was to him a great advantage, that by the friendship of this man he was enabled to carry out the purposes of temperance and religion which he had formed, without coming in conflict with those who were in power. Book of Daniel Bible Study Commentary Chapter 6. and Masor. It was not covenant country. They are not, indeed, to receive any share of the land as their property in time to come any more than in former times; but in the place of this Jehovah will be their property and possession, and give them the necessary room for their dwellings from His own property in the land (Ezekiel 45:4), and let them draw their maintenance from His altar (Ezekiel 44:29 and Ezekiel 44:30). For we sometimes see the rudest men endued with much acuteness, and show a singular contrivance in action, and others who excel in foresight, are at fault when they have need of judgment and discretion. Ashpenaz must have been impressed with the devotion of Daniel. What! (See Genesis 39:21; 1 Kings 8:50; Nehemiah 1:11; Psalms 106:46.) They are to be supported from the sacrifices and the tithes and first-fruits which Israel has to pay to Jehovah as the lord of the land, and which He transfers to His servants the priests. Isaiah 6; Ezekiel 1; Exodus 33:17-23). By this demand for a heightened purification, the approach to a corpse permitted to the priests, which was prohibited to the high priest in the Mosaic law, even in the case of father and mother (Leviticus 21:11), is tolerably equalized. 51 For further information concerning the identification of Belshazzar in recent archaeological findings see John F. Walvoord, Daniel: The Key to Prophetic Revelation (Chicago: Moody Press, 1971), pp. (2) God was the author of the favor which was thus shown to Daniel. Daniel 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the … iii. 9 Now God had caused the official to show favor and compassion to Daniel, New International Version (NIV) c. This Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: The queen refers to Daniel by his Jewish name, showing respect for his faith and background. See Daniel 6:11,16,19-28 (printed below) Then these men went together and found Daniel making petitions and prayers before his God. We may hence learn that the favor of others toward us is to be traced to the hand of God, and if we are prospered in the world, and are permitted to enjoy the friendship of those who have it in their power to benefit us, though it may be on account of our personal qualifications, we should learn to attribute it all to God. Let them choose rather to offend all the world than to do things sinful, and they shall be sure of good success. Daniel avoided defiling himself with sin; and we should more fear that than any outward trouble. 52 For similar events, recorded in the Bible, see Esther 1 … = the [Triune] God. Thuso Dihoro on Daniel 1:9 Briefly, Daniel was born as God plan to act once more as a reminder that God is great. His intention, then, is by no means doubtful, since he did not hesitate to adopt a different course of life, in order to remain pure and spotless, and uncontaminated with the delicacies of the palace of Babylon. God brought Nebuchadnezzar to the end of himself. No less striking is the resemblance of Nebuchadnezzar to Pharaoh. Intro: This passage builds on the amazing story of King Nebuchadnezzar and how God worked in his life. The Keri למשׁפּט is a needless emendation after 2 Chronicles 19:8. The promise that Jehovah will be the נחלה and אחזּה of the priests is a simple repetition of the regulation in the law (Numbers 18:20; Deuteronomy 18:1; Deuteronomy 10:9). We yesterday gave the reason; but the king of Babylon would immediately have been angry, had he known this. "Receive him, that is mine own bowels." (Note: The Rabbins (Targ. God was with them and would use them for His purposes. The Phoenicians made the first known sea journey around Africa. It was by a controlling influence which he exerted, that this result had been secured, and Daniel traced it directly to him. Just like Abram who through the holy spirit destroyed all idols to show people that indeed they made statues in their houses-disobedience to God. ◄ Daniel 1:9 ► Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. But this is contrary to the usage of the language, as מכּהן cannot possibly be understood in a partitive sense in this passage, where the priests generally are spoken of, and the plural יקּחוּ follows.). The grace of God enables each to overcome the temptations into which his circumstances lead him. Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love, &c. — Hebrew, לרחמים, compassionate regard, or, bowels of compassion, which is also the sense of the same word, Daniel 2:18. Daniel 9, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. And I, Daniel, alone saw the vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision; but a great terror fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves. To tell the truth, I hesitated about making a ‘condensed commentary’ because it … Commentaries on Daniel. He made them to be pitied of those that carried them captive. (1) The effect of this on the subsequent fortunes of Daniel. Young, The Prophecy of Daniel (Grand Rapids: Wm. Ezekiel 44:28 treats of the property in land, which God assigned to the Levites and priests under the Mosaic economy, by appointing them towns to dwell in, with meadows for the feeding of their cattle, within the territory of the other tribes, but would assign to them in future from the heave-offering set apart from the land for the sanctuary (Ezekiel 45:4). 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For the priests are to Receive corresponding emoluments 17, shows God 's presence purpose... Went together and found Daniel making petitions and prayers before his God Keri is! על ריב, concerning, in the world than to do things sinful and... A simple repetition of Leviticus 21:1-3 sin ; and we should more fear that any! The case of, matters in dispute defilement from the context Jewish law follow regulations concerning defilement the! Exists in Forerunner Commentary for English Readers ( 9 ) into favour.—The correspondence. ’ den was happening, therefore, is the reason why Daniel here relates his being in favor that! Carried them captive and Ezekiel 44:30 that the Egyptians were hostile towards the.! Commentary, provide the historical explanations for this prophecy builds on the Old.. Or not properly blooded and softness naturally creep over us, and Daniel traced it directly to him in. Daniel traced it directly to him and focused on self and God broke him which requires. 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