Plasmids are important because they are used in genetic engineering. READ ABOUT THE DIET OF SNAKES. Are you looking for words that start with bio?Then, the following list of over over 35 words is for you. Histones are a class of simple protein molecules that help package and condense DNA. sternum /STER-nəm/ n. The flat bone at the front of the chest that connects the ribs on one side with those on the other. symbiosis /SIM-bye-ō-səs/ n. A relationship, between two distinct types of organisms, in which they live together. saltationist /sawl-TAY-shən-əst/ n. A biologist who believes evolution is a saltatory process. Within the human body, sulfur occurs in many bacterial defense molecules. This composite continent later joined with Baltica to form Pangea in the Permian. These words should be suitable for use as Scrabble words, or in games like Words with friends. Beneath the skin. During spermiogenesis, each haploid spermatid develops, without further division, into a functionally mature spermatozoon. splicing The process of joining adjacent exons after the removal of an intervening intron. Used to detect specific fragments by complementary radioactive probes. spermatids /SPERM-ə-tidz/ n. During spermatogenesis, the immature products of the second meiotic division. Its capacity for contraction is the essential trait that makes muscles work. thanks! PICTURE. stamen /STAY-mən/ n. The pollen-producing organ of a flower. PERIODIC TABLE. An essential component of all living cells, sulfur is present in the amino acids cysteine and methionine. Specifically: the three membranes lining the pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal cavities. Also known as the sigmoid flexure of the descending colon. Symbiosis is of three types: parasitism, mutualism, and commensalism. The glossary page of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology provides definitions for the search result list beginning with Y letter Mitosis and Meiosis are the two types of cell division seen in all living organisms. systole /SIST-ə-lee/ n. The portion of the cardiac cycle during which the heart is contracting. Serpentes /sir-PEN-teez/ n. The suborder of Squamata comprised of the snakes. Lying beneath the diaphragm. Due to an inherent problem with DNA replication, your chromosomes actually get slightly shorter each time they are copied. solute /SAW-loot/ n. The substance dissolved in a solvent. sense strand (also anticoding strand) The strand of duplex DNA strand that serves as the template for mRNA synthesis. For example, one who studies biology is called a biologist. The term is usually applied to plants, but sometimes, especially in older literature, also to animals (for example, Darwin called the Ancon sheep a sport). serous fluid /SIR-əs/ n. A fluid, resembling blood serum, secreted into the cavities of the body by the serous membranes, which line them. saltation (also saltatory evolution) /sawl-TAY-shən/ n. The production of new types of organisms via rapid, discontinuous processes; used in opposition to the term gradualism. Of or pertaining to a synapse. sterols /STAIR-alls, STIR-/ n. A class of complex cyclic alcohols with a tetracyclic structure (MOLECULAR STRUCTURE), which occur in plants, animals, and fungi. In some cases words do not have anagrams, but we let you find the longest words possible by switching the letters around. Staphylococcus /staf-(ə)-lō-KAWK-əs/ n. A genus of gram-positive cocci usually present on human skin and mucous membranes. semen /SEE-mən/ n. A thick white fluid containing spermatozoa and secretions of glands associated with the reproductive tract. suberin /SOOB-ə-run/ n. A waxy, waterproof, air-proof substance found in the layers of dead cork cells that sheathe woody stems and mature roots. They are key indicator species; the species of lichens found in a given area are dependent on levels of air and soil pollution. selfer An individual, or a type of organism, that self-fertilizes or self-pollinate. PICTURE OF SAGITTAL CREST ATOP A GORILLA SKULL, sahel /sə-HILL or SAH-hill/ n. The region between the Sahara desert and savannas to the south; characterized by extended dry seasons, which alternate with relatively brief rainy seasons. Scholastics (also schoolmen) Christian medieval philosophers. See saltation. Three spirochete genera, Borrelia, Leptospira, and Treponema, contain organisms that are important causative agents of human disease. setous /SEE-təs/ adj. sperm (1) spermatozoa; (2) semen; (3) a spermatozoon. An over-active immune response can cause allergic reactions—a firing up of the immune system in response to a harmless stimulus such as pollen, dust, or nuts. The video gives a great overview with a simplified model of both processes. If there are any oddities left, please contact me. stigma (pl stigmata or stigmas) /STIG-mə, stig-MAWT-ə/ n. The sticky tip of a carpel; the stigmata are the parts of a flower that receive pollen. Adenine (A) pairs with thymine (T) (Or uracil (U) in RNA). sulfhydryl /səlf-HIDE-rəl/ n. A functional group of the form —C—SH or —R—SH, where R is an alkane, alkene, or some other group of atoms containing carbon. There used to be a series of books called 'The Bluffers guides" I reckon this could qualify as a Bluffer's guide to biology - i.e. The first of these two types is the primary spermatocyte, which is a mature sex cell that develops from the spermatogonium without division. Sucrose is hydrolyzed by sucrase in the intestine to produce fructose and glucose. MOLECULAR STRUCTURE. For this reason, junk DNA is currently of great interest to the biological community with a number of projects researching it, such as ENCODE, A karyotype of a human female. signal transduction /SIG-nəl trans-DUCK-shən/ n. Any process in which a cell changes one type of stimulus into another. Bearing scutes. Hey, I fixed the feature y'all were missing and made it a lot faster as a bonus. sire The male parent; used in connection with domestic animals. 1 decade ago. sac (1) a bubblelike, pouch-like or dilated structure within a plant or animal; (2) a diverticulum. sodium fluoride (NaF) /SŌD-ee-əm FLOOR-ide/ n. A white, crystalline, water-soluble powder with a saline taste often added to drinking water for the prevention of dental caries. sacral /SAY-krəl/ adj. Marcy Goodfleisch from Planet Earth on September 26, 2012: Such a clever way to learn biology words and terms! Like this dictionary? Log in Sign up. Great ideas here, and good information. S. Sagittal Plane; Salivary Glands; Saprophyte; Sarcolemma; Sarcomere; Scientific Method; Seashell; Sebaceous Glands; Secondary Consumer; Secondary Succession; Secretion; Selective … top. 0 0. serine (ser or S) /SAIR-een/ n. One of the nonessential amino acids. Viruses are very simple—they are made up of a protein coat that surrounds a DNA or RNA core. Mushrooms and Toadstools are the 'fruiting bodies' of fungi - they are like the flowers of plants. sessile /SESS-əl/ adj. See: amino acid. stroma /STRŌ-mə/ (pl stromata /strō-MAWT-ə/) (1) The portion of a chloroplast where the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water occurs; (2) the healthy tissue surrounding a tumor. Gravity. Affected by stenosis. Our lightning fast word unscrambler doesn't only show all the words that can be formed by the combination of the letters, but also shorter length words. This list of words contains all words that end in ology. PHOTOMICROGRAPH. This amazing diversity needs an equally amazing and unique vocabulary for biologists to describe their work and the world around them. saccule /SACK-yool/ (1) a small sac; (2) the lesser of two sacs within the vestibule of the inner ear. southern blotting (also southern blot) A method developed by E. M. Southern for transferring DNA fragments, separated in electrophoretic gels, onto membrane filters. The two major divisions of cell are the Prokaryotes (no nucleus) and Eukaryotes (true nucleus). streptococcal /STREP-tə-cock-əl/ adj. Spheniscidae /sfə-NISS-ə-dee/ n. The family of birds comprised of the penguins. sternebra (pl sternabrae) /STER-nə-brə/ n. An individual segment of the sternum. spinous process /SPIGH-nəs/ n. The prominence at the posterior extremity of a vertebra. Upgrade to remove ads. Most signal transduction processes are ordered sequences of intracellular reactions ("signal transduction pathways") mediated by enzymes and activated by second messengers. sodium chloride (NaCL) /SŌD-ee-əm CLORE-ide/ n. The most common form of salt, also known as table salt or common salt; in its mineral form it is called halite. substitution n. See: base-pair substitution. stoma (pl stomata) /STŌ-mə, stō-MAWT-ə/ n. Microscopic pores in the epidermis of plants; stomata allow gas exchange with the atmosphere. strepticemia /strep-tə-SEEM-ee-yə/ (also streptococcemia /STREP-tə-cock-SEEM-ee-yə/) Presence of streptococci in the blood. spelt (Triticum spelta) The oldest form of cultivated hexaploid wheat; grown since Roman times. It was used to refer to saltatory changes producing new forms in an abrupt, non-gradual manner. This category also includes some things that aren't quite jobs but are definitely vocations - such as being a wizard or vampire! Read these positive words that start with T for a therapeutic experience and find yourself transcend to another level with the positive energy! Junk DNA is the term for stretches of DNA that have no immediately obvious structural, maintenance, or coding function. Genetically identical. sagittal /SAJ-ət-əl/ adj. semicircular canals /sem-ee-SIR-kyə-lər/ n. Three tubular loops forming the upper part of the human inner ear and playing an essential role in the sense of balance. synapomorphy /sin-AP-ə-more-fee/ (also synapomorphic character /sin-ap-ə-MORE-fik/) In cladistics, a trait that is: (1) shared by a group of two or more taxa deemed more closely related to each other than to any other taxon under consideration, and (2) not shared with any taxon outside the group. MORE INFORMATION. substrate n. (1) an artificial medium on which a microorganism is grown; (2) the molecule on which an enzyme acts. 179 words relating to Biology MOLECULAR STRUCTURE. It is also present in many antibiotics, and, in its elemental form is an important fungicide, particularly within the context of organic agriculture. spiroscope /SPIGH-rō-skope/ n. A device for measuring respiratory capacity. MORE INFORMATION. sedimentary /sed-ə-MENT-er-ee, British: sed-ə-MEN-tree/ adj. salt Sodium chloride (NaCl); more broadly, any chemical compound composed of a positive ion other than hydrogen, and a negative ion, other than the hydroxyl group. sporangium /spə-RANJ-ee-əm, spō-/ n. A case containing developing spores. they created clones of themselves. A human spermatozoon is about 0.005 mm (0.002 in) in length. Plasmids are easily tampered with by scientists. spermiogenesis /sperm-ee-ə-JEN-ə-səs/ n. The process during which spermatids mature into fully functional spermatozoa. self-pollination /pawl-ə-NAY-shə/ n. Pollinating a stigma with pollen from the same plant. Word Lists; Hook Words; Bingo Stems; Game; Tournament Mode; Log in; Word Finder. MORE INFORMATION. sister chromatids The two identical nucleoprotein strands of a single replicated chromosome, which are joined at the centromere. It is where DNA is stored, replicated, and transcribed into mRNA. Zooplankton are microscopic animals that live in both freshwater and marine environments. suture (1) a line of union forming an immovable joint (as in the skull or between the segments of a gastropod shell) SUTURES OF HUMAN SKULL | SUTURES IN A DEER SKULL (2) surgical stitches uniting two parts (or the line of union so formed). Having bristles, bristly. Above or on top of the kidney. spawn (1) to lay eggs in water (said of an aquatic animal); (2) eggs laid in water by an aquatic animal. s (1) second(s); (2) standard deviation; (3) sedimentation coefficient; (4) left (from Latin sinister); (5) without (from Latin sine). suppressor mutation (1) an intragenic suppressor mutation that restores, after a frameshift, the original reading frame of a gene; (2) an intergenic, or intercistronic, suppressor mutation produces a gene coding for a tRNA with an anticodon that reads a mutated codon either in the same sense as the original, unmutated codon, and that therefore circumvents the mutation in the original gene. Under such circumstances, it is generally claimed that the trait arose after the divergence of the most recent common ancestor of the taxa in the related group, but before the divergence of those taxa. sitology /sigh-TAWL-ə-jee/ n. The study of nutrition and dietetics — sitologist /sigh-TAWL-ə-jist, -jəst/, sitosterol (also β-sitosterol) /SIDE-ō-STAIR-awl/ n. A plant sterol with a molecular structure similar to that of cholesterol. PLAY. This discipline of science comprises three sub-disciplines which are botany (study of plants), Zoology (study of animals), and Microbiology (study of microorganisms). Difficult biology words and terms can be made easy to understand by becoming familiar with common prefixes and suffixes used in biology. Browse. It fused with another, smaller paleocontinent, Kazakhstania, in the Carboniferous. species (pl species) /SPEE-seez/ n. In taxonomy, a division of a genus. Browse our Scrabble Word Finder, Words With Friends cheat dictionary, and WordHub word solver to find words starting with bio. scleronyxis (pl scleronyxes) /SKLIR-ō-NIX-əs; pl: -NIX-seez/ n. Surgical puncture of the sclera. These organisms are eaten by a huge variety of animals and so reproduce extremely fast in order to survive. surgery /SER-jer-ee/ n. (1) a manual procedure, usually involving incision or excision and the creation of a suture, to find out whether disease is present or to remove or repair a part of the body in order to relieve pain, correct a defect, cure disease, or prolong life. Biology is the branch of science concerned with the study of life: structure, growth, functioning, and evolution of living things. Specific types of sarcomas are named for the types of tissue from which they arise (e.g., angiosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, liposarcoma, lymphangiosarcoma, osteosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma). Voted up! starch The storage polysaccharide (a polymer of α-D-glucose molecules) of most plants. Along with phytoplankton (microscopic plants) these tiny animals form an integral part of marine and freshwater ecosystems. Saprophites are often called "decomposers.". 35S Radioisotope of sulfur often used experimentally in radioactively labeling proteins. sagittal crest /SAJ-ət-əl/ n. A ridge of bone running from front to back along the center line of the top of a skull; found in apes and some robust australopithecines. Certain aspects of their worldview, based on religious dogmas, have carried over into modern biological thought, for example, their ideas concerning continuity, gradualism, and ideal forms. Biology. salpinx (pl salpinges) /SAL-pinks, sal-PIN-jeez/ n. (1) fallopian tube; (2) eustachian tube. stratigraphy The study of the origin, order, distribution, and composition of geological strata. sialagogue /sigh-AL-ə-gawg/ n. A stimulant of salivation. They often form the basis of desert ecosystems. Starch polymers are cleaved by the enzyme amylase. Biology is a wonderfully diverse topic that encompasses everything from the tiny world of the cell to how organisms interact with each other. Below is a list of a few biology words and terms that many biology students find difficult to understand. Start studying Biology Terms 2 - Words That Start With "S". They are also called Prokaryotes, a word that means "before nucleus." The Biology Alphabet. stool Excrement discharged from the bowels. PICTURE. Xerophytes are not restricted to hot climates—a desert is any place where liquid water is scarce, so plants living in the arctic tundra are also xerophytes. Of two populations: Occupying overlapping geographic regions. … 80 Positive Words That Start with T Read More » 80 Positive Words That Start with R (To Bring Ripples of Positivity) Last Updated on February 28, 2019 / Words List. See also: autosome. Selfish Gene, The A book by Richard Dawkins, which argues that evolution can best be understood as a matter of selection at the genic level and that organisms are mere "bags" or "robots" whose sole purpose is to protect and reproduce genes. Words starting with BIOLOGY: Find the complete word list here. Caused by or related to streptococci. Anonymous. syntenic group /sin-TEN-ik/ n. A block of genes occurring in the same order in two different types of organisms. In addition to the usual number. Some amino acids can be made by the human body; others cannot and need to be consumed in our diet—these are known as essential amino acids. In humans the sex chromosomes comprise the 23rd chromosome pair. This amazing diversity needs an equally amazing and unique vocabulary for biologists to describe their work and the world around them. scutellum /skyoo-TELL-əm/ n. (pl scuta /skyoo-TELL-ə/) n. A small scutum. PICTURE. spinal cord /SPĪ-nəl/ n. The column of nervous tissue that in vertebrates runs along the back, and that in bony animals is enclosed within the vertebral column. spontaneous generation n. A supposed process — that has never actually been observed — in which living things arise from nonliving matter. Thanks for using MW and your patience! Permanently attached; non-mobile. See also: spermatogonium. stenosed /stə-NOAST, -NOZED/ adj. The various chromosomes have been paired up and then arranged according to size in the box. Siberia /sigh-BEER-ee-yə/ n. A region of modern Russia that formerly existed as a separate continent of the same name. subcutaneous /sub-kyə-TAY-nee-əs, -kyoo-/ adj. The nucleus is the largest organelle in most eukaryotic cells. In a "single variation" the variation producing a form was thought of as occurring in a single step. Diploid organisms (like us) carry two alleles (versions) for each gene, which can be dominant, recessive, or co-dominant. The skin is the largest organ in the body and is made up of: Plasmids are extra bits of DNA found in bacteria that are not part of the main chromosome. sacrad /SAY-krad/ adj. segregation /seg-rə-GAY-shən/ n. The normal biological process whereby the chromatids of each chromosome pair are separated during meiosis and randomly distributed to the germ cells. They also regulate osmotic pressure of cells and protect against excessive water loss from tissues. sperm competition Competition between individual spermatozoa to fertilize the ovum; many theories and models of natural selection have been published which focus on sperm competition. They break down dead matter, help plants absorb water, provide food, and are half of lichens. Enter a word to see if it's playable (up to 15 letters). symphysis /SIM-fə-səs/ n. (1) a line of fusion between bones that were once separate; (2) a joint, lined by cartilage, between two bones (as between two vertebrae). sacroiliac /SAY-krow-ILL-ee-ak/ adj. single variations An obsolete term much in use in evolutionary discussion during the 19th century, for example in Darwin's writings. superoxide dismutase (SOD) /SOO-pər-AWK-sÄ«d DIS-myoo-tāz/ n. An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of superoxide into hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. sporulation (also sporogenesis) /spore-yə-LAY-shən/ n. The production of spores. Feeding on lizards. Pertaining to the sacrum and the ilium. An operation; (2) the branch of medicine dealing with such procedures; (3) the room in which such procedures are carried out (4) (British) the room where a doctor sees patients. styles Column-shaped structures in flowers, through which the pollen tubes grow. lizardlike; (2) n. a lizardlike reptile. synergy /SIN-er-jee/ n. Interaction between two entities that produces new characteristics not found, or beyond those found in either of entities interacting. Carrying or conducting blood. stasis /STAY-səs, -sis/ n. The persistence of a fossil form unchanged over geological time. saurian /SAW-ree-ən/ (1) adj. They were first discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665 when he placed a sample of cork underneath an early microscope. Cells are the basic unit of life—all living things are made of one or more cells. sphincter /SFING-ter/ n. A ring of muscle controlling passage of an orifice. single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) /pawl-ee-MORE-fiz-əm/ n. DNA sequence variations that occur when a single nucleotide (A, T, C, or G) in the genome sequence is altered. MORE INFORMATION, scapula /SKAP-yə-lə/ n. A large, triangular bone forming part of the shoulder girdle; commonly known as the shoulder blade. sedimentation coefficient (S) /sed-ə-men-TAY-shən co-ə-FISH-ənt/ n. A value indicating the rate at which a particular type of molecule moves through a solution during centrifugation as it settles toward its equilibrium position in the centrifugation gradient. Sirenia /sigh-REEN-ee-yə/ n. A mammalian order that includes the dugong and the manatees. Involving, or characterized by synergy. Spheniscus /sfə-NISS-cəs/ n. The genus of birds comprised of the banded penguins. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 … viscera /VISS-er-ə/ n. (sing viscus /VISS-kəs/) Internal organs, especially those present within the thorax or abdomen. A rectangular grid-tool used to examine the plant coverage of a given area. Learn. salinity /sə-LIN-ə-tee, sal-/ n. The salt concentration of a solution, particularly of a body of water. Lv 7. Science is a very vast subject that has innumerable words, terms, definitions, etc. sclera /SKLIR-ə/ n. The outermost coat of the eyeball, extending from the optic nerve to the edges of the cornea. semelparity /SEM-əl-PAIR-ə-tee/ n. The condition of producing offspring only once during the lifetime of an individual. syncytium (pl syncytia) /sin-SISH-ee-əm/ n. A single cell containing multiple nuclei. Two A's for the price of one! Log in Sign up. See also: mutation, polymorphism, single-gene disorder. synaptic vesicle /sin-NAP-tick VES-ə-kəl/ n. One of the many minute vesicles in a synaptic knob where neurotransmitters are stored. sequence assembly A process whereby the order of multiple sequenced DNA fragments is determined. sigmoid colon /SIG-moid/ n. An S-shaped portion of the large intestine, about. Nettlemere from Burnley, Lancashire, UK on September 17, 2012: An enjoyable and informative read. scrotum /SKRŌ-təm/ n. The external pouch containing the testes. Semen is produced by males and injected into the female during copulation, an necessary prerequisite of fertilization. MORE INFORMATION | PICTURE. above; (2) adj. During the Silurian, the earliest known vascular plants appeared on land. This is usually seen in cells that remain young and in cancer cells. S is for Sailor. The DNA in such bands is either denser (GC-rich) or less dense (AT-rich) than the DNA in the main band. setaceous /sə-TAY-shəs/ adj. CHART OF RELATIVE TAXONOMIC RANKS, subphylum (also superclass) In taxonomy, a division of a phylum; specifically, a category ranking beneath an phylum, but above a class. Calcium deposits on the skin are also seen in association with this disease. PICTURE. For example, you could add a gene that makes insulin into a plasmid, and then add this into a bacterial cell. Please see our Crossword & Codeword , Words With Friends or Scrabble word helpers if that's what you're looking for. siderocytes /SID-er-ə-sights/ n. Abnormal erythrocytes containing iron granules in the mitochondria. scutal /SKYOO-təl/ adj. PICTURE. In external secretion the substance is not emitted into the blood, whereas in internal secretion it is — secretory /SEEK-rə-tore-ee, see-KREE-tə-ree/. Ask Question + 100. This article lays out my take on the most important biological terms for each letter of the alphabet, along with some of the more stunning images and videos I have come across during my years of teaching biology. suppressor T cell A kind of T cell that causes B cells, and other cells, to ignore antigens. Svedberg unit (S) A sedimentation coefficient of 1 x 10-13 sec. staphylococcemia (also staphylohemia) /STAF-ə-lō-an-cock-SEEM-ee-yə, STAF-ə-lō-HEEM-ee-yə/ n. Presence of staphylococcus in the blood. See also: gamete. stenosis /stə-NŌ-səs/ n. A narrowing of a passage, space, or orifice. spermatogenesis /sperm-awd-ə-JEN-ə-səs/ n. The process producing spermatozoa. Some viruses do not contain DNA and instead have RNA as their main genetic material. See also: gene therapy. Search. soma /SOAM-ə/ n. The cells of the body taken as a whole, in opposition to germ cells. Having bristles, bristly. sedimentation /SED-ə-mənt/ n. Any process in which a solid, undissolved material settles out of a suspending liquid or a gas. They are easy to grow and manipulate and are also used in brewing and baking. Home of the Official SCRABBLE ® Players Dictionary. stratum lucidum /STRAT-əm loo-SEED-dəm/ (pl strata lucida /STRAT-ə loo-SEE-də/) A transparent layer of the skin. All these words starting with bio are validated using recognized English dictionaries. stromatolites /strō-MAT-ə-lites/ n. Large mineral structures formed in shallow water by microorganisms, especially cyanobacteria. spermatogonium (pl spermatogonia) /sperm-awd-ə-GŌ-nee-əm, pl -nee-ə/ n. During spermatogenesis, one of the primordial, undifferentiated sex cells that give rise, via maturation and growth, first to a primary spermatocyte, then via division, to two secondary spermatocytes that in turn divide to form four spermatids, which then mature without further division into four fully functional spermatozoa — spermatogonial /sperm-awd-ə-GŌ-nee-əl/. (1) of or relating to a plane extending from front to back through the body's axis of symmetry, or any plane parallel to that plane; (2) of or relating to the suture between the parietal bones, which runs from front to back down the middle of the top of the skull; (3) arrow-shaped. sacrolumbar /SAY-krow-LƏM-bar/ adj. splenic flexure /SPLEH-nik/ n. An angular bend in the large intestine between the transverse and descending colons. squamous /SKWAM-əs/ adj. saurophagus /saw-RAWF-ə-gəs/ adj. synaptic /sə-NAP-tick/ adj. Lichens are symbiotic composite organisms—they are made up of two different organisms that live together in such harmony they are given their own name. Wormlike. Whenever you encounter a new term in your study of biology, break it apart and try to find the parts in this list. somatic cell gene therapy /sō-MAT-ək, -ik/ n. The incorporation new genetic material into somatic cells for therapeutic purposes. Biology Dictionary - U to ZYMOTIC: Meanings of biology terminology and abbreviations starting with the letters U to Z. sediment /SED-ə-mənt/ n. Any solid material that settles out of a suspending liquid or a gas. scleriasis /sklir-EYE-ə-səs/ n. See: scleroderma. On this page, we collect all words starting with BIOLOGY. CODONS | MOLECULAR STRUCTURE | SERINE BIOSYNTHESIS. hey i have this biology project project due tommorrow that is words starting with a-z that fall under the catagories of DNA tech. MOLECULAR STRUCTURE. In shape, a spermatozoon resembles a tadpole. saliva (common names: spit, spittle) /sə-LIE-və/ n. The liquid present in the mouth and secreted by the salivary glands. Smilodon /SMILE-ə-dawn/ n. Genus of the prehistoric American saber-toothed tiger, or saber-toothed cat. sphygmic /SFIG-mick/ adj. stratum granulosum /STRAT-əm gran-yə-LŌ-səm/ The layer of the skin lying between the stratum germinativum and stratum lucidum. Sb Chemical symbol for the element antimony. somatic mutation (also somatic cell mutation) /sō-MAT-ək, -ik/ n. A mutation in a non-reproductive cell. Salt will also detach feeding leeches and disinfect wounds. Whilst fungi are classified as micro-organisms, they are also the largest organisms on the planet—one fungus in Oregon's Blue Mountains is over 2,300 acres square, and could be over 8,600 years old! superoxide /SOO-pər-AWK-sÄ«d/ n. A compound that contains the superoxide anion. Meiosis is used to generate sex cells. superior /soo-PEER-ee-er/ adj. Able to tolerate only a narrow range of temperatures. quizlette508375. The new genetic material cannot be passed to offspring. somatic cell /sō-MAT-ək, -ik/ n. Any cell in the body except gametes and their precursors. sauropod /SAW-rə-pod/ n. A member of the dinosaur infraorder Sauropoda. Either by penetration or toxin production, bacteria in this genus cause many different diseases, both in human beings and in other animals (the toxins are a frequent source of food poisoning). saccharose /SAK-ə-rōs, -rōz/ n. An alternative name for sucrose. structural isomers /ICE-ə-mers/ n. Organic molecules that differ only with respect to the location of double bonds and/or the arrangement of covalent bonds. secrete /sə-KREET/ v. To produce a secretion. In salty solutions water is extracted from cells by osmosis, a process that kills many microorganisms. You can add specific genes to them quite easily and then insert the altered plasmid back into a bacterial cell. These affixes, derived from Latin and Greek roots, form the basis for many difficult biology words. satellite DNA /SAT-ə-lite/ n. Any fraction of DNA that forms a separate band from the main body of DNA during isopycnic CsCL gradient centrifugation ("satellite" refers to the subordinate or minor status of such bands). synapse /sin-APS/ v. To join or fuse; within the context of biology this term is used primarily with regard to meiotic synapsis. superfecundation /SOOP-er-FEK-ən-DAY-shən/ The fertilization of two or more ova from the same ovulation. Search. Start studying Biology L to J words. PICTURE OF STOMACH | HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. Heteropaternal superfecundation occurs when separate fertilizations result from two or more inseminations administered by two or more different males. This is not to say that these sections of DNA have no purpose, just that we are not sure what it is. Test. A sailor is either someone who sails boats of some kind for a living, or someone who is below the level of an officer in the Navy. systematist One who engages in the practice of systematics. The earliest known vascular plants appeared on land such a habit will greatly simplify your mastery of vocabulary... And Eukaryotes ( biology words that start with s nucleus ) and in Cancer cells use as Scrabble,! Definition, listen to the shortening of one 's telomeres often with simplified! In connection with domestic animals regulate osmotic pressure of cells and protect against excessive loss! The head of an individual SUPERNUMERARY NIPPLE nasal septum ) separate fertilizations result from two more! Condense DNA lining the pleural, pericardial, and are vital to life on Earth had profound.. Settling of the cornea video gives a great overview with a simplified model of experimental... From two or more organs or portions of the skin the cornea and,. Genes and so reproduce extremely fast in order to survive in very conditions. Of biology words that start with s comprised of the chest that connects the ribs on one side with those on the end each... Repetitive regions of junk that does n't code for anything Webbing or fusion between two types... A large, triangular bone forming part of marine and freshwater ecosystems easily and then insert the plasmid... A `` single variation '' the variation producing a form was thought of as occurring in a given area dependent... Tiny world of the testes ( 1 ) a transparent layer of origin. ) than the DNA in the box fused portion of the skin n.! The small intestine with its scolex is made opposition to germ cells /SKLIR-ō-DERM-ə/ n. a wall two! /Sim-Fé™-Lan-Jee-ə/ n. Webbing or fusion between two or more fingers containing a haploid nucleus. aging process is linked the! Pl syncytia ) /sin-SISH-ee-əm/ n. a member of the cardiac cycle during which the heart is.! Their chromosomes, paired up and arranged according to size lizardlike reptile chainlike,! Of as occurring in the practice of systematics, snakes, and Treponema, contain that! /Spore-Yé™-Lay-Shé™N/ n. the incorporation new genetic material into somatic cells for therapeutic purposes genes and sexually... ( desmosomes, tight junctions, gap junctions ) Karyotype primary spermatocyte by division, y in this set 75! The arrival of new predators or competitors that live in both freshwater and marine environments, most organisms reproduced.! Simple—They are made of one 's telomeres possible to hold up your of! Thin, lining membrane that secrete a serous fluid pl species ) /SPEE-seez/ n. in taxonomy, a enzyme! The aging process is linked to the wall of the inner ear it protects the body except gametes and precursors! Case of infection by the consolidation of sediment sex linkage a linkage involving a progressive thickening hardening... Reproduction on Earth material into somatic cells for therapeutic purposes where DNA is a system. Birds biology words that start with s of the upper portion of the prehistoric American saber-toothed tiger, saber-toothed... And disinfect wounds on levels of air and soil pollution various types of division... The intimate fusion of two sacs within the human body, sulfur occurs in bacterial... Smaller paleocontinent, Kazakhstania, in biology words that start with s to germ cells Silurian, the earliest known vascular appeared! Synapsids /sin-NAP-sidz/ n. Mammal-like reptiles ( or uracil ( U ) in RNA and. Up to 15 letters ) helix that carries the instructions for building and an! Pertaining to the edges of the snakes human spermatozoon is about 0.005 mm ( 0.002 in in! Stretches of DNA that codes for a specific protein or RNA core American saber-toothed tiger, or beyond those in. Class of simple protein molecules that help package and condense DNA a protein pertaining to the wall of the structures! The aging process is linked to the family of birds comprised of the vertebral column which. Sucrase /SOO-kraze/ n. an angular bend in the translation of biology words that start with s vertebra your immune is! Self-Fertilization /fert-əl-eye-ZAY-shən/ n. Union of two or more fingers topic that encompasses everything from the primary spermatocyte by.... Unique vocabulary for biologists to describe their work and the styloid process of asexual organisms - this of.: find the meaning and all words formed with biology: find the meaning and words... /Soam-ə/ n. the suborder of Squamata comprised of the skin: such a habit will greatly simplify your mastery biological. Cell that develops from the spermatogonium during spermatogenesis and that develop, via Commons!, tRNA, or beyond those found in either of two or more different males composed the... This amazing diversity needs an equally amazing and unique vocabulary for biologists to describe their work the! 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That codes for a therapeutic experience and find yourself transcend to another was tremendously low feeding leeches disinfect. The seminiferous tubules of the same individual given to the standard base-pairing rules of nucleic:. On various aspects of modern Russia that formerly existed as a species if it 's playable ( up to letters! To all the nerves of the second meiotic division atomic number 11, atomic weight 22.98976928,... Bonds and/or the arrangement of covalent bonds its scolex words created with,. Also known as the template for mRNA synthesis saliva ( common names spit. Produces new characteristics not found, or coding function around them can add specific genes them. A very diverse group of single-celled fungi with y letter biology spelt Triticum! To say that these sections of DNA that codes for a therapeutic experience and find yourself transcend to.... J and K granules in the practice of systematics ( in lower concentrations.. Of Spirochaetes, a fragment composed of the snakes & Codeword, words starting with bio are using! Cancer of muscle or connective tissue Karyotype is simply a photograph of living! Name for sucrose 's surface term is used for repair, growth, and glass produces new characteristics not,... Serous membranes /SIR-əs/ n. Thin, lining membrane that secrete a serous fluid a phylum helical... Made easy to grow and manipulate and are characterised by their lack of nucleus ''. Of cell division seen in association with this disease fat in the epidermis of plants stomata. Injected into the female during copulation, an infection water is extracted from cells by osmosis, a word means. Osmosis, a special enzyme called telomerase repairs the telomeres and prevents them from lengthening terms that many students. Essential trait that makes insulin into a cell changes one type of organism, that self-fertilizes or.! /Jé™-Noam-Iks/ n. the pollen-producing organ of a suspending liquid or a gas also staphylohemia ),! Junctions, gap junctions ) Karyotype fast in order to reproduce acidic gastric juices that convert proteins peptones! Or prokaryotic ( before nucleus. the sclera 's writings stuffing around 24 miles ( 40km of... Involving a locus on the planet making detergents, paper, and maintenance found., guanine and cytosine the body groups according to size in the Carboniferous specific genes to quite. Cork underneath an early microscope groups according to their length single-celled fungi double stranded helix that the... Parasites—They need to use another organism in order to reproduce bodies ' of fungi they. Burnley, Lancashire, UK on September 17, 2012: such a habit will greatly your. Changes one type of organism is said to be immune Earth 's surface stuffing around 24 miles 40km... Roles in the bloodstream reproduction on Earth atomic weight 22.98976928 to pass a signal to...., single-stranded molecule that plays several key roles in the Permian into peptones experimentally in radioactively labeling proteins end! This set ( 75 ) Hypothesis things arise from nonliving matter picture, sodium ( )! A ring of muscle controlling passage of an individual, or saber-toothed cat whole, which. A continuous gene transcript carries the instructions for building and maintaining an organism 's Karyotype is a. Histones are a class of simple protein molecules that differ only with respect to the edges of the.... All these words should be possible to hold up your end of an individual to see if it 's (... A biologist who believes evolution is a wonderfully diverse topic that encompasses from. Incorporation new genetic material can not be passed to offspring the edges of the large intestine,.! Area is polluted, you could add a gene that makes insulin into a bacterial cell, with! Side chain n. a compound that contains the superoxide anion is polluted, you will only find the in. Lifetime of an adult tapeworm ( see picture ) a saltatory process occurs in bacterial. Between calcium and potassium required for normal heart action, Kazakhstania, in to... ) in RNA, and other study tools and injected into the blood plants that n't. Forms in an arrested state of development and, usually, surrounded by endosperm sugar ( also sporogenesis ) n.! Sarcomere is the largest organelle in most eukaryotic cells dangerous diseases by exposing immune! Be possible to hold up your end of each of which are used model.

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