The main idea is to show the viewer multiple views across different locations. Because these cuts are sequential, we automatically know that the actions of the above layer are directly affecting the second dream layer. ... •Parallel editing is usually used to build up tension between two scenes? There’s one technique that tends to stand out from the myriad editing techniques used by pros: parallel editing aka cross cutting. So, where is the value in using parallel editing and when should it be used? An editing technique that cuts back and forth between actions in separate spaces, often implying simultaneity; also called parallel editing Parallel editing An editing technique that alternates between two or more strands of action in separate locations, often presented as … Upload images to make storyboards and slideshows. This video breaks down the inherent and creative effects of cross cutting and how Nolan takes those qualities even further. TV and Film Production. This is something he made obvious in Inception (cutting between different dream levels), but it's been present all the way back to Following and plays an integral part in his signature nonlinear narrative structure. However, when Buffalo Bill answers the door, we realize that agents aren’t on his front step — but Clarice Starling is. The cutting together of two or more lines of action that occur simultaneously at different locations. Just another WordPress.com site. • Editing is used to cut between scenes to follow the action for example in a car chase the scenes commonly rapidly cut between different angles and camera shots of different clip sequence to follow and implore the intensity of the chase. A great example of the motivated use of parallel editing comes from The Silence of the Lambs. 1. In class we watched a scene from ‘The Silence of the Lambs’ (1991), the scene featured parallel editing, this is where editing is used to continuously alternate between 2 or 3 different locations/events happening at the same time. In Vampires, by John Carpenter (1998), there are twosequences which include parallel editing. crosscutting. In this post, we’re going to give you a cross cutting definition with some iconic examples and the parallel editing techniques to elevate your next project. We see a motorcycle approaching from behind which begins a chase scene in dream layer one. SC Lannom is a screenwriter and director living in Los Angeles. This is my new video in which I explain what parallel editing is, how to use it as well as including an example of parallel editing being used in two different situations. However, Griffith’s groundbreaking techniques would be overshadowed by the rightful criticism of the film’s controversial depiction of slavery and racism. Take a look at the shot list example below of cross cutting in Christopher Nolan’s In order to showcase the contrast between Michael’s declaration and what he has asked his henchmen to do, Coppola utilizes parallel editing. Best Free Gun Sounds Online — Reload Your SFX Library, What is a Full Shot in Film? This illustrates the differences in circumstances, but parallel editing can also be used to show how similar they actually are. Let's start with a parallel editing and cross cutting definition before we illustrate their differences with iconic examples. An additional video example of parallel editing would be added in as well to give the audience an idea of parallel editing in a different style. The way cross cutting and parallel editing has evolved can certainly be traced back to Soviet Montage Theory and filmmakers like Sergei Eisenstein and Dziga Vertov. He works as a writer, director, and content producer here at StudioBinder. If you’ve heard the expressions “greater than the sum of its parts,” then you already know why these techniques are used so often in filmmaking. The first example happens rather earlyin the movie. Parallel editing, or the ability to make two separate actions happen at the sametime, was innovated by D.W. Griffith and is exclusive to films. Tips & Techniques Explained, The Best 2020 Movies — Bright Lights in a Dark Year, Full Frame vs. APS-C — Camera Sensor Pros & Cons Explained, What is a Rim Light — 3 Point Lighting Techniques Explained, 8 Character Archetypes — Examples in Literature & Movies, Create a narrative parallel to compare and contrast. E.g. Sometimes thought of as “parallel editing”, cross-cutting can occur on a more macro level. The distance of these separate locations could be rather short, for example in the same building, or can be as far as completely different planets. The use of this technique was incredibly well done in the film, and it’s widely regarded (in terms of historical value) as it was one of the first films to have simultaneous action. Parallel editing works in a way that both compares and contrasts each image, so make sure to craft separate images that are able to be connected through similar actions that can provide meaning through the comparison. In this film, director Edwin S. Porter and his editor utilize the technique of parallel editing to build suspense and cinematic flow. Parallel editing - "Parallel editing (cross cutting) is the technique of alternating two or more scenes that often happen simultaneously but in different locations." Why is there no need for filmmakers to film in a real space whose dimensions correspond to the ones implied by editing? Parallel editing is when separate scenes in different locations or periods are cut together to make it appear as if they are unfolding at the same time. Cross cutting is most often used to build anticipation and to show a large scale operation at work. Obviously, Griffith isn’t the only filmmaker to use parallel editing. You also can’t just throw a parallel edit in a film for no reason. Parallel editing video . But this could be the same as someone cutting the power to a building, and the effect across multiple locations. The “rules” of cross cutting as far as their relation to scale and time are not overly strict, but the majority of cross cuts are used to show large scale events that occur across multiple locations. What is parallel editing. This technique was also used to give additional exposition to the narrative of the film. What Does It Take to Join a Motion Picture Industry Guild. Image: The Godfather via Paramount Pictures. To show you an example of parallel editing I’ve chosen an example that is also in the form of a montage. For example, if one character is scrubbing toilets while the other is riding a jet ski across a scenic lake, the visuals will create an undeniably powerful narrative point of view through the use of editing both scenes next to and in between each other. It creates an even more tense situation that would be difficult to replicate if the scenes were presented one after the other. Experience the best TheBeat has to offer. Schindler’s List Spielberg uses parallel editing, or crosscutting, a cinematic convention in which two or more concurrent scenes are interwoven with each other, throughout Schindler’s List. Here, director Francis Ford Coppola knew that a scene where Michael Corleone stands watch at a baptism could bring the pacing of the film to a halt. Cross Cutting and parallel editing are highly effective editing techniques that can greatly improve the quality of any film or visual work. Inception is a very specific case where the actions create direct changes in the other dream layers. A great example of parallel editing (cross cutting) In Jonathan Demme's The Silence of the Lambs.I do not own the rights to this video. Here he simply applies the method to travel through space and time. One of the main advantages of using parallel editing is that it adds another layer of suspense or pacing to the narrative. So how can you break put from the pack and get your idea onto the small screen? For example, if one character is scrubbing toilets while the other is riding a jet ski across a scenic lake, the visuals will create an undeniably powerful narrative point of view through the use of editing both scenes next to and in … In this scene, director Jonathan Demme utilizes the technique to perfection as we watch the FBI raid a house they believe belongs to Buffalo Bill. Image: The Great Train Robbery via Edison Manufacturing Company. In a cross-cut, the camera will cut away from one action to another action, which can suggest the simultaneity of these two actions but this is not always the case. Film and TV- Go To Guide. Filmmakers such as John Ford, Steven Spielberg, Stanley Kubrick, Martin Scorsese, and Christopher Nolan utilize parallel editing almost routinely today. More and more people are flocking to the small screen to find daily entertainment. This editing technique is used not only by narrative … Image: Intolerance, D.W. Griffith’s second film after Birth of a Nation via Triangle Distributing Corporation. One of the most famous recent uses of the technique is found in Inception. Parallel editing. Just like with any camera composition or editing technique, there needs to be motivation behind it — a reason to utilize it. Please share them in the comments below! In film history, the first example of parallel editing being used is in the 1903 short Western The Great Train Robbery . This increases the pacing and tempo of the scene and, in turn, makes the baptism portion of the scene so much more powerful. In parallel editing, two or more scenes are woven together. Types of Shots in Film Explained. Language- Controls what you see, when you see it, its speed and … Written, directed, and produced by American film pioneer Edwin S. Porter, The Great Train Robbery was a huge success and considered groundbreaking in employing the technique of parallel editing to show action-filled scenes happening simultaneously in different locations. You’re definitely going to need a budget to make parallel editing happen, as it requires filming two sets of action that work together. Master the art of visual storytelling with our FREE video series on directing and filmmaking techniques. It only took the first filmmakers a few years to understand that the manipulation of time and space with editing was the key characteristic that set film apart from other art forms. 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