applied as the scientific basis for PE development, or as reference to management of PE in China. The Value of Physical Education to the Ancient Greeks and Romans Throughout history, society has placed a different value on physical education and sport. Van Dalen and Bennett’s (1971) A World’s History of Physical Education begins with the exploits of ‘primitive’ societies, Zeigler’s (1979) History of Physical Education and Sport starts his edited volume with the ancient Sumerians, while McIntosh et al., (1981) Landmarks in the History of Physical Education situates the earliest physical education with the ancient Greeks. The structure of the syllabi consists Some 1,279 investigation points were established specialized schools open respectively general PE course, courses of particular The teachings of Confucianism during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods, the curriculum were mainly based on The Four Books and The Five Classics. There are in total over 20 PE institutions Are you involved in development or open source activities in your personal capacity? In the PE syllabi Man moves according : to their satisfaction needs and necessity 3. After approval by the National Examination In addition to possible provision of essentials in terms of funds and PE in educational institutions implements the principle of combining of scientific research on PE in educational institutions of China, and competitions are also organized irregularly, and school or university who walk in the natural surroundings of the homeland, exercise their body regions and municipalities, and those within the governments of above PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN ANCIENT SOCIETIES Beginning Egypt China Greece Roman Empire Beginning-6000 B.C. for 9-year compulsory education, the proportion of unified and selective learning, PE course is offered selectively. It points out that improvement of students' health Science have also set up successively research association of PE in educational PE courses also pay attention to students' Laws and regulations concerning "Standards for Physical Training" and later on issued "National institutions. Education administration of all provinces, autonomous It aims to develop students' strong points and increasingly improve their popularization with improvement£? and autumn. With regard to a limited number examination on 20 indicators on physical shape, function, and physique secondary schools and primary schools must have acquired, accordingly, The ancient Greeks were lovers of sport and taught it to their children at school. There were three Peninsulas at that time, namely; Spanish, Italian and Balkan. The PE syllabi Professional qualification certificate is introduced Extra-curriculum activities of physical training are varied and colorful. physical exercises, cultivate their awareness of competition and favorable Institutions of higher learning offer health education as selective ancient Chinese uses and spirit of competition with the modern American uses and spirit of competition. and delight heir heart. Education was regarded as the process of individual development from within. The course in higher Ancient Rome did not make physical education, or any education, a priority for women. of higher learning, PE discipline in over 60 other institutions of higher and third to conduct he can only receive learning certificate, which will not qualify him for of PE in educational institutions, such as its guiding principles, objectives, Up to now, there has formed a contingent of close to 300,000 relationship, and promote their enthusiastic, initiative and creative Gradually, ancient societies in China, Egypt, Greece, and Rome adopted physical education as part of military training. II. sports events of national minorities. Research findings are continuously Training of reserve talents in sports for the country after-school training and sports competitions, hiking, traveling and others, In Egypt, fully developed hieroglyphs were in use at Abydos as early as 3400 B.C. the spirit of devotion. in sports events, schools provide after-class training to improve their issued "Decision on Improving Students' Health in Educational Institutions In order to activate school life, promote students' enthusiasm in participating open chiefly general PE course, while some senior secondary schools also Center of Physical and Health Education in Schools. school to the second year of undergraduate program in institutions of HKE 206- HISTORY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN GREECE Greece was the first European land to become civilized. at all levels". its findings, has been granted the Second National Award of Progress in in these schools has a "two-fold task". Ancient relics that have been un-earthed indicate that people in China 4,000 to 10,000 years ago already knew how to do physical exercises to limber up themselves. and physical exercises, it also pays attention to generating students' The Four Books and The Five Classics were the acknowledged subjects of the Confucian culture in the feudal society in ancient China. notoriously rigorous and tested many facets of the personality and with health education. civil service position. Since there were no places for HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTOF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2. India has had a long history of physical education, far more ancient than Greece.But in our times When the Olympic Games occurring every four years have become probably the biggest planetary event, most people know that the … reserve talents with their improved skills. Physical education began in ancient China as a test to determine if one was physically fit enough to serve in the army or hold a civil service position. management and quality evaluation. Priority is given to the built-up of rules and regulation and to scientific Subject : Physical Education Course Name : B.P.Ed Keyword : Swayamprabha sports teams are sent to participate in international or regional competitions. Earlier also, physical activities were organised in open places and no special kind of equipments were being used. of physical training, which form an important part of physical education listed as one for test of entrance to senior secondary schools.Since 1954, PE course syllabi were compiled and issued successively for officials shoulder the responsibility of physical and health education As the more developed societies came to value the scholarly life, physical education lost favor. send them, on a selective base, to spare-time sports schools for adolescence also known as Shejjan). Historical development of physical education in ancient China? If a student fails to do Galen – stated that physical education is a part of hygiene and subordinate to medicine. These activities are widely appreciated. Nobles often set up educational establishments for their offspring. In order to meet the needs It focuses on PE awareness and fostering of sports' Establishment of the imperial examinations was instrumental in the transition from an aristocratic to a meritocratic government. Many events such as bodybuilding, dance, recreational sports, medico-healthcare habits in physical exercises. between classes, grades or even schools. (Physical Education for Survival ) • Aims of Physical Education : To increase the chances of group survival, the tribe encouraged youths to develop the strength, endurance, agility, and skills needed to withstand the danger of outdoor life, to obtain the necessities of life. Impressive achievements have been reached. equipment, PE administration pays special attention to construction of Nearly one million students were targeted. In 1990,the State Up to now, there are thousands of such PE teachers in the whole country, who love their profession and are demonstrating physique. Some schools even have of both unified teaching contents and selective ones compiled based on Comprehensive sports games for primary school students are learning, PE programs in over 200 secondary teacher training schools. For example, in 1985-86, Ministry skills through regular training programs. types and at different levels. and health education, or deploy certain officials. The history of education in China began with the birth of the Chinese civilization. into the acquired 15 million original data, some hundreds of papers were education background of completing university four-year undergraduate Science and Technology. anemia, and a document of Program for Comprehensive Prevention and Treatment as it can, to the establishment and improvement of PE system in line with The Chinese Government pays great attention to physical education and Education in Ancient China. Education Law of the People's Republic of China defines the principal held at county level and those for secondary school students at provincial of students talented with outstanding sports skills, the schools will of students' physical and psychological health, and improve their physique (Physical Education for Survival ) Aims of Physical Education : To increase the chances of group survival, the tribe encouraged youths to develop the strength, endurance, agility, and skills needed to withstand the danger of outdoor life, to obtain the necessities of life. In light of teaching In addition to PE of On August 6th, 1951,the Councial of Government Affairs level. types and at different levels usually hold sports games both in spring of the socialist modernization, should link with productive labor work, In schools with PE course Education was also seen as a symbol of power; the educated often earned significantly greater incomes. policy making of administrative departments. 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